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A nonlinear propagation model-based phase calibration technique for membrane hydrophones

A nonlinear propagation model-based phase calibration technique for membrane hydrophones
A nonlinear propagation model-based phase calibration technique for membrane hydrophones
A technique for the phase calibration of membrane hydrophones in the frequency range up to 80 MHz is described. This is achieved by comparing measurements and numerical simulation of a nonlinearly distorted test field. The field prediction is obtained using a finite-difference model that solves the nonlinear Khokhlov-Zabolotskaya-Kuznetsov (KZK) equation in the frequency domain. The measurements are made in the far field of a 3.5 MHz focusing circular transducer in which it is demonstrated that, for the high drive level used, spatial averaging effects due to the hydrophone's finite-receive area are negligible. The method provides a phase calibration of the hydrophone under test without the need for a device serving as a phase response reference, but it requires prior knowledge of the amplitude sensitivity at the fundamental frequency. The technique is demonstrated using a 50-mum thick bilaminar membrane hydrophone, for which the results obtained show functional agreement with predictions of a hydrophone response model. Further validation of the results is obtained by application of the response to the measurement of the high amplitude waveforms generated by a modern biomedical ultrasonic imaging system. It is demonstrated that full deconvolution of the calculated complex frequency response of a nonideal hydrophone results in physically realistic measurements of the transmitted waveforms.

84-93
Cooling, M.P.
caf6c2e0-c385-4f8c-bec6-7dd0473f65af
Humphrey, V.F.
23c9bd0c-7870-428f-b0dd-5ff158d22590
Cooling, M.P.
caf6c2e0-c385-4f8c-bec6-7dd0473f65af
Humphrey, V.F.
23c9bd0c-7870-428f-b0dd-5ff158d22590

Cooling, M.P. and Humphrey, V.F. (2008) A nonlinear propagation model-based phase calibration technique for membrane hydrophones. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 55 (1), 84-93. (doi:10.1109/TUFFC.2008.619).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A technique for the phase calibration of membrane hydrophones in the frequency range up to 80 MHz is described. This is achieved by comparing measurements and numerical simulation of a nonlinearly distorted test field. The field prediction is obtained using a finite-difference model that solves the nonlinear Khokhlov-Zabolotskaya-Kuznetsov (KZK) equation in the frequency domain. The measurements are made in the far field of a 3.5 MHz focusing circular transducer in which it is demonstrated that, for the high drive level used, spatial averaging effects due to the hydrophone's finite-receive area are negligible. The method provides a phase calibration of the hydrophone under test without the need for a device serving as a phase response reference, but it requires prior knowledge of the amplitude sensitivity at the fundamental frequency. The technique is demonstrated using a 50-mum thick bilaminar membrane hydrophone, for which the results obtained show functional agreement with predictions of a hydrophone response model. Further validation of the results is obtained by application of the response to the measurement of the high amplitude waveforms generated by a modern biomedical ultrasonic imaging system. It is demonstrated that full deconvolution of the calculated complex frequency response of a nonideal hydrophone results in physically realistic measurements of the transmitted waveforms.

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Published date: 2008
Organisations: Fluid Dynamics & Acoustics Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 50524
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/50524
PURE UUID: 5d904d65-79c1-446b-b5c5-137124d727b6
ORCID for V.F. Humphrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3580-5373

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 Feb 2008
Last modified: 31 Jul 2019 00:43

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Contributors

Author: M.P. Cooling
Author: V.F. Humphrey ORCID iD

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