Congruence subgroups of Hecke groups and regular dessins

Congruence subgroups of Hecke groups and regular dessins

In this thesis we deal with dessins, that is tessellations of orientable surfaces, or
from another point of view, two-cell embeddings of graphs on orientable surfaces.
Our approach uses the connections of dessins with the Hecke groups Hq, and
emphasizes the number-theoretic aspects of these connections.
In Chapter 1 we deal with the modular group F, the simplest of the Hecke
groups. We study the relations between the dessins associated with the principal
congruence subgroups of F, the cosets of the special congruence subgroups of F,
and the arithmetic of the finite ring Zjy. Our examples include well-known regular
dessins as the icosahedron and the dessin {3, 7}s on Klein's surface of genus 3.
In Chapter 2 we give some basic results on the Hecke groups and the closely
related maximal real cyclotomic fields, concentrating on the factorization of the
integers inside these fields.
In Chapter 3 we extend the work of Chapter 1 to the other Hecke groups,
especially the quadratic Hecke groups. The examples include regular dessins as
the cube, the dodecahedron, the small stellated dodecahedron, and {4,5}6 on
Bring's curve of genus 4.
In Chapter 4 we find representations for the Hecke groups and their quotients
by the principal congruence subgroups, and we use the results to do some necessary
calculations.
In Chapter 5, using the results of Chapter 1 as motivation, we reduce the
problem of calculating the normaliser of certain subgroups of the Hecke groups
into solving a system of congruences, and we solve the corresponding systems for
F, H4, H6. Then, using another method we calculate the normaliser of these subgroups
in PSZ^R) f°r the cases iJ4, H6, and we also calculate the corresponding
quotients.

Ivrissimtzis, Ioniis Panagioti

d7d39519-b358-4729-8299-e27049461601

September 1998

Ivrissimtzis, Ioniis Panagioti

d7d39519-b358-4729-8299-e27049461601

Ivrissimtzis, Ioniis Panagioti
(1998)
Congruence subgroups of Hecke groups and regular dessins.
*University of Southampton, Department of Mathematics, Doctoral Thesis*, 131pp.

Record type:
Thesis
(Doctoral)

## Abstract

In this thesis we deal with dessins, that is tessellations of orientable surfaces, or
from another point of view, two-cell embeddings of graphs on orientable surfaces.
Our approach uses the connections of dessins with the Hecke groups Hq, and
emphasizes the number-theoretic aspects of these connections.
In Chapter 1 we deal with the modular group F, the simplest of the Hecke
groups. We study the relations between the dessins associated with the principal
congruence subgroups of F, the cosets of the special congruence subgroups of F,
and the arithmetic of the finite ring Zjy. Our examples include well-known regular
dessins as the icosahedron and the dessin {3, 7}s on Klein's surface of genus 3.
In Chapter 2 we give some basic results on the Hecke groups and the closely
related maximal real cyclotomic fields, concentrating on the factorization of the
integers inside these fields.
In Chapter 3 we extend the work of Chapter 1 to the other Hecke groups,
especially the quadratic Hecke groups. The examples include regular dessins as
the cube, the dodecahedron, the small stellated dodecahedron, and {4,5}6 on
Bring's curve of genus 4.
In Chapter 4 we find representations for the Hecke groups and their quotients
by the principal congruence subgroups, and we use the results to do some necessary
calculations.
In Chapter 5, using the results of Chapter 1 as motivation, we reduce the
problem of calculating the normaliser of certain subgroups of the Hecke groups
into solving a system of congruences, and we solve the corresponding systems for
F, H4, H6. Then, using another method we calculate the normaliser of these subgroups
in PSZ^R) f°r the cases iJ4, H6, and we also calculate the corresponding
quotients.

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## More information

Published date: September 1998

Organisations:
University of Southampton

## Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 50645

URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/50645

PURE UUID: b3c021ec-22c9-4588-822e-8dad4256fd39

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Date deposited: 06 Apr 2008

Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:50

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## Contributors

Author:
Ioniis Panagioti Ivrissimtzis

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