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A sub-regional outlook of renewable energy potential: the case of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon

A sub-regional outlook of renewable energy potential: the case of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon
A sub-regional outlook of renewable energy potential: the case of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon
This paper addresses the current status and the potentials of renewable energy applications in the selected Middle East countries; Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. The energy and environmental situations within these primary target areas reflect many similarities and share serious common problems. These include an almost total dependence on imported oil products as the primary energy source, rapidly growing populations that are escalating the demand for energy, and onlyrudimentary efforts currently underway to mitigate the greenhouse and other adverse environmental effects of energy utilization. Lebanon is highly urbanized compared to Syria and Jordan with much smaller area and has not been fully engaged in pilot projects for use of renewable energy. Applications of solar energy in that region have been growing since 1970. Solar water heating with support of policies in Jordan has achieved measurable market penetration. Lebanon and Syria have not made reasonable progress in solar applications due to subsidized electricity supply to the end user. The technical and economic feasibility of wind energy utilization in Lebanon has not been yet fully explored, while it has advanced with two operating wind farms in Jordan, and one pilot wind farm in Syria. Similarly, the transfer of biomass technology has been successful in Jordan while it remains at the assessment level in Lebanon and Syria coupled with small pilot projects.
Chedid, R.
52613449-9530-467f-ad6a-45171ccf5259
Ghaddar, N.
aabc180e-5ff8-404c-99fc-5fe5a6d44108
Chaaban, F.
5922fb0d-75a6-4a23-94b7-957444909480
El-Fadel, M.
5a565dad-695d-4dd3-a3a6-f02389b82dc4
Mezher, T.
aacf03c9-9fe0-4e66-9e24-ff02cfa7afe0
Moukalled, F.
fc4b2fd1-a3f3-43a1-8e9b-deeb4aa1ac63
Chedid, R.
52613449-9530-467f-ad6a-45171ccf5259
Ghaddar, N.
aabc180e-5ff8-404c-99fc-5fe5a6d44108
Chaaban, F.
5922fb0d-75a6-4a23-94b7-957444909480
El-Fadel, M.
5a565dad-695d-4dd3-a3a6-f02389b82dc4
Mezher, T.
aacf03c9-9fe0-4e66-9e24-ff02cfa7afe0
Moukalled, F.
fc4b2fd1-a3f3-43a1-8e9b-deeb4aa1ac63

Chedid, R., Ghaddar, N., Chaaban, F., El-Fadel, M., Mezher, T. and Moukalled, F. (2004) A sub-regional outlook of renewable energy potential: the case of Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. International Conference for Renewable Energies. 01 - 04 Jun 2004.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

This paper addresses the current status and the potentials of renewable energy applications in the selected Middle East countries; Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. The energy and environmental situations within these primary target areas reflect many similarities and share serious common problems. These include an almost total dependence on imported oil products as the primary energy source, rapidly growing populations that are escalating the demand for energy, and onlyrudimentary efforts currently underway to mitigate the greenhouse and other adverse environmental effects of energy utilization. Lebanon is highly urbanized compared to Syria and Jordan with much smaller area and has not been fully engaged in pilot projects for use of renewable energy. Applications of solar energy in that region have been growing since 1970. Solar water heating with support of policies in Jordan has achieved measurable market penetration. Lebanon and Syria have not made reasonable progress in solar applications due to subsidized electricity supply to the end user. The technical and economic feasibility of wind energy utilization in Lebanon has not been yet fully explored, while it has advanced with two operating wind farms in Jordan, and one pilot wind farm in Syria. Similarly, the transfer of biomass technology has been successful in Jordan while it remains at the assessment level in Lebanon and Syria coupled with small pilot projects.

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More information

Published date: 2004
Venue - Dates: International Conference for Renewable Energies, 2004-06-01 - 2004-06-04

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 52863
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/52863
PURE UUID: 04cf70cf-04e5-441b-b5b0-95098cbe41d4

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Jul 2008
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:42

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Contributors

Author: R. Chedid
Author: N. Ghaddar
Author: F. Chaaban
Author: M. El-Fadel
Author: T. Mezher
Author: F. Moukalled

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