The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Antimicrobial-resistant patterns of Escherichia coli and Salmonella strains in the aquatic Lebanese environments

Harakeh, Steve, Yassine, Hadi and El-Fadel, Mutasem (2006) Antimicrobial-resistant patterns of Escherichia coli and Salmonella strains in the aquatic Lebanese environments Environmental Pollution, 143, (2), pp. 269-277. (doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.11.027).

Record type: Article


This study is the first to be conducted in Lebanon on the isolation and molecular characterization and the antimicrobial resistance profile of environmental pathogenic bacterial strains. Fifty-seven samples of seawater, sediment, crab, and fresh water were collected during the spring and summer seasons of 2003. The isolation of Escherichia coli and Salmonella using appropriate selective media revealed that 94.7% of the tested samples were contaminated with one or both of the tested bacteria. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was then used to identify the species of both bacteria using various sets of primers. Many pathogenic E. coli isolates were detected by PCR out of which two were identified as O157:H7 E. coli. Similarly, the species of many of the Salmonella isolates was molecularly identified. The confirmed isolates of Salmonella and E. coli were then tested using the disk diffusion method for their susceptibility to four different antimicrobials revealing high rates of antimicrobial resistance

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: September 2006
Keywords: seawater, antimicrobial resistance, escherichia coli (STX-EC), salmonella paratyphi


Local EPrints ID: 52902
ISSN: 0269-7491
PURE UUID: 44be1357-5524-4d14-aaa5-399c0fc2f7f2

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:39

Export record



Author: Steve Harakeh
Author: Hadi Yassine
Author: Mutasem El-Fadel

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.