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Phase-out of leaded gasoline: approaches and prospects for Lebanon

Phase-out of leaded gasoline: approaches and prospects for Lebanon
Phase-out of leaded gasoline: approaches and prospects for Lebanon
Air pollution from urban traffic is a growing environmental problem worldwide. Emissions of lead resulting from the usage of leaded fuel are of particular concern due to associated health hazards. While many countries have accomplished or are in the process of phasing-out leaded gasoline, others continue to rely to a large extent on the use of high lead-content gasoline. Such is the case of Lebanon where the use of unleaded gasoline is hindered not only by the lack of direct governmental endorsement but also by the price difference in favour of leaded gasoline. While the phase-out of leaded gasoline is economically feasible, several measures should be undertaken for a successful transition to unleaded gasoline. This paper reviews the problem of lead addition into gasoline and the international experience in its phase-out. Policy measures and technical considerations for a successful transition to unleaded gasoline are described. Available data for Lebanon about the vehicle fleet characteristics, gasoline consumption and quality as well as lead emissions and concentrations in various environments are presented. This information forms the basis for developing a phase-out action plan outlining the interrelation and responsibilities of various agencies as well as measures to be adopted for a successful phase-out process.
1464-3332
35-59
El-Fadel, Mutasem
6206783b-f040-458f-90b6-2cb2c361d7ae
Hashisho, Zaher
aec70f5d-1473-468d-a187-51c3404fbf4b
El-Fadel, Mutasem
6206783b-f040-458f-90b6-2cb2c361d7ae
Hashisho, Zaher
aec70f5d-1473-468d-a187-51c3404fbf4b

El-Fadel, Mutasem and Hashisho, Zaher (2001) Phase-out of leaded gasoline: approaches and prospects for Lebanon. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 3 (1), 35-59. (doi:10.1142/S1464333201000546).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Air pollution from urban traffic is a growing environmental problem worldwide. Emissions of lead resulting from the usage of leaded fuel are of particular concern due to associated health hazards. While many countries have accomplished or are in the process of phasing-out leaded gasoline, others continue to rely to a large extent on the use of high lead-content gasoline. Such is the case of Lebanon where the use of unleaded gasoline is hindered not only by the lack of direct governmental endorsement but also by the price difference in favour of leaded gasoline. While the phase-out of leaded gasoline is economically feasible, several measures should be undertaken for a successful transition to unleaded gasoline. This paper reviews the problem of lead addition into gasoline and the international experience in its phase-out. Policy measures and technical considerations for a successful transition to unleaded gasoline are described. Available data for Lebanon about the vehicle fleet characteristics, gasoline consumption and quality as well as lead emissions and concentrations in various environments are presented. This information forms the basis for developing a phase-out action plan outlining the interrelation and responsibilities of various agencies as well as measures to be adopted for a successful phase-out process.

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Published date: March 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 52931
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/52931
ISSN: 1464-3332
PURE UUID: 52fef78c-3f81-43e4-94f2-f31d3c2c5d80

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Date deposited: 15 Jul 2008
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:41

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