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Policy planning for air quality management: local and global perspectives

Policy planning for air quality management: local and global perspectives
Policy planning for air quality management: local and global perspectives
An increasing number of environmental regulators in developed and developing countries have embarked on programmes for the promotion of environmentally sound and sustainable development strategies. Air pollution is among the most important environmental issues that need to be managed since it reflects directly and indirectly on the different aspects of human life. This paper presents an assessment of the evolution of air pollution control philosophies at the global level, and it describes advantages and disadvantages of alternate environmental strategies that can be considered in the development of an integrated and comprehensive plan for air quality management at the local level, with Lebanon as a case study of a typical developing country. The proposed strategy considers short-, medium- and long-term schemes that make use of regulatory and market-based instruments, such as pollution charges, and market creation and usage. The short-term scheme identifies serious polluters and improves environmental performance by adopting and enforcing updated environmental standards. Economic incentive concepts constitute the principal philosophy for medium-term application of a comprehensive environmental strategy, mostly applicable at the level of the transportation and energy sectors. Long-term strategies, targeting the industrial sector, aim at achieving a flexible free market in which polluters would compete on the basis of market forces and governmental incentives to attain better environmental performance and increase potential cost savings.
1523-908X
211-231
El-Fadel, M.
5a565dad-695d-4dd3-a3a6-f02389b82dc4
Kalinian, H.
22539e80-f02b-4faf-8a45-1b7f3e8dd3f5
Salhab, S.
bd88d7c4-9e25-4136-a729-497304a1d487
Jamali, D.
ecad12e8-7c41-4c06-ab9f-2a8bab2a01af
El-Fadel, M.
5a565dad-695d-4dd3-a3a6-f02389b82dc4
Kalinian, H.
22539e80-f02b-4faf-8a45-1b7f3e8dd3f5
Salhab, S.
bd88d7c4-9e25-4136-a729-497304a1d487
Jamali, D.
ecad12e8-7c41-4c06-ab9f-2a8bab2a01af

El-Fadel, M., Kalinian, H., Salhab, S. and Jamali, D. (2001) Policy planning for air quality management: local and global perspectives. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 3 (3), 211-231. (doi:10.1002/jepp.72).

Record type: Article

Abstract

An increasing number of environmental regulators in developed and developing countries have embarked on programmes for the promotion of environmentally sound and sustainable development strategies. Air pollution is among the most important environmental issues that need to be managed since it reflects directly and indirectly on the different aspects of human life. This paper presents an assessment of the evolution of air pollution control philosophies at the global level, and it describes advantages and disadvantages of alternate environmental strategies that can be considered in the development of an integrated and comprehensive plan for air quality management at the local level, with Lebanon as a case study of a typical developing country. The proposed strategy considers short-, medium- and long-term schemes that make use of regulatory and market-based instruments, such as pollution charges, and market creation and usage. The short-term scheme identifies serious polluters and improves environmental performance by adopting and enforcing updated environmental standards. Economic incentive concepts constitute the principal philosophy for medium-term application of a comprehensive environmental strategy, mostly applicable at the level of the transportation and energy sectors. Long-term strategies, targeting the industrial sector, aim at achieving a flexible free market in which polluters would compete on the basis of market forces and governmental incentives to attain better environmental performance and increase potential cost savings.

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Published date: September 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 52934
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/52934
ISSN: 1523-908X
PURE UUID: b5dd1d40-4b04-4e3e-bf24-edc479f075ed

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Date deposited: 16 Jul 2008
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:41

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