The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Automotive emissions in urban areas: traffic management and technological control measures

Sbayti, H., El-Fadel, M., Kaysi, I. and Baaj, H. (2001) Automotive emissions in urban areas: traffic management and technological control measures Environmental Engineering Science, 18, (6), pp. 347-358. (doi:10.1089/109287501753359582).

Record type: Article


Urbanization in developing countries is causing an increase in roadside air pollution, which is associated with adverse environmental impacts. Such impacts are most prevalent in densely overpopulated urban centers, creating the need for mitigation strategies. In developed countries, traffic and environmental policy planners are relying on stringent regulations, advanced tailpipe emission-reduction technologies, and complex traffic control measures (such as high-occupancy vehicles restricted lanes, bus-dedicated lanes, park-and-ride facilities, dynamic traffic light signalization, and hot-spot management) to mitigate excess automotive emissions. In contrast, developing countries may require only conventional or traditional traffic control measures (such as truck rerouting, car pooling, and promoting mass transit) along with affordable simple technological solutions to reduce automotive emissions to acceptable levels, at least in the short term, because of differences in traffic fleet characteristics and transportation infrastructure extensiveness. The present research aims at integrating a traffic model (EMME/2) and an emission model (MOBILE5B) to simulate the emission inventory in the future central business district of Beirut city. The modeling effort will serve as a decision support tool for environmental/transportation policy planners to manage traffic-related air pollution problems. Simulation results showed that, with a proper set of policies and fiscal incentives, simple control measures can reduce total emissions by 45–85% depending on the alternative selected.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: November 2001


Local EPrints ID: 52935
ISSN: 1092-8758
PURE UUID: 66a2910d-f76b-4aa0-82e7-6ddd77490e9e

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:39

Export record



Author: H. Sbayti
Author: M. El-Fadel
Author: I. Kaysi
Author: H. Baaj

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.