The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon

Kobrossi, R., Nuwayhid, I., Sibai, A.M., El-Fadel, M. and Khogali, M. (2002) Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 12, (3), pp. 205-220. (doi:10.1080/09603/202/000000970).

Record type: Article


This study assesses the association between the proximity of residence to cement and fertilizer plants in industrialized districts and respiratory health complaints among children (5-15 years old) in Northern Lebanon. A multi-stage random sample of households was selected from two exposed districts and a third non-industrialized. One child was randomly selected from each household for a total of 486 children. Living within 0-3 km of industries, as compared to living farther away (4-7 km), was associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk for cough with colds (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 3.40), phlegm with colds (OR = 2.14), yearly episodes of cough and phlegm (OR = 4.63), yearly chest colds (OR = 4.12), and wheezing (OR = 2.23). When compared to living in the non-industrialized district, children living within 0-3 km of industries showed a significantly higher risk for yearly chest colds (OR = 2.30). However, living in the 4-7 km region of industries was associated with a lower risk of respiratory complaints, as compared to living in the comparison area. This was attributed to higher altitudes and different meteorological characteristics. A higher risk of respiratory problems was reported among children living close to cement than fertilizer industries. Policy intervention measures are recommended.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 1 September 2002
Keywords: air pollution, cement, children, fertilizer, industry, lebanon, respiratory


Local EPrints ID: 52946
PURE UUID: 5333ea87-e64d-463f-9ee9-506f96563a9e

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:39

Export record



Author: R. Kobrossi
Author: I. Nuwayhid
Author: A.M. Sibai
Author: M. El-Fadel
Author: M. Khogali

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.