Tsang, Hing-Ho, Chandler, Adrian M. and Lam, Nelson T.K.
Estimating non-linear site response by single period approximation
Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 35, (9), . (doi:10.1002/eqe.567).
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Site effects characterize the filtering mechanisms within the soil sedimentary layers overlying bedrock. In regions of high seismicity such as California where strong motion records are relatively abundant, site coefficients can be developed by regression of recorded ground shaking parameters. In regions of low-to-moderate seismicity or of high seismicity but with a paucity of recorded strong motion data, such empirical models cannot be obtained in the same way.
This study describes the theoretical development of a simple, rational manual procedure to calculate site coefficients, based on a single period approximation (SPA), and to construct displacement response spectra (RSD) for soil sites. The proposed simplified model, which takes into account the non-linear behaviour of soil that is dependent on the level of shaking, impedance contrast at the soil-bedrock interface and the plasticity of soil material, has been verified by comparison with results obtained from non-linear shear wave analyses and data recorded during the 1994 Northridge earthquake. The proposed model is believed to be a convenient tool for calculating non-linear site responses and constructing site-specific response spectra, which has the potential of being incorporated into code provisions.
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