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Acute and sub-lethal toxicity of landfill leachate towards two aquatic macro-invertebrates: demonstrating the remediation potential of air stripping

Acute and sub-lethal toxicity of landfill leachate towards two aquatic macro-invertebrates: demonstrating the remediation potential of air stripping
Acute and sub-lethal toxicity of landfill leachate towards two aquatic macro-invertebrates: demonstrating the remediation potential of air stripping
A specific leachate that contained 1.036 mg l?1 of 2-chlorobiphenyl was used in the study (255 mg l?1 COD and 133 mg l?1 BOD5). Bench scale (20 l) air stripping trials were used to simulate on a small-scale the treatment potential of this method. Air stripping effectively reduced the leachates COD concentration. Regardless of the volume of air supplied (1–5 l of air per minute) the leachates COD reached a < 50 mg l?1 equilibrium after 96-h exposure, however, increasing the volume of air accelerated the process. In untreated leachate, the LC50 for Asellus aquaticus was 57% v/v leachate in deionised water and 5% for Gammarus pulex (96-h, static LC50 tests without nutrition and oxygen depleting conditions). After being exposed to air stripping, these values rose from 90% to below the LC50 threshold for Asellus when 1–5 l of air per minute were applied and 30–90% for Gammarus. Furthermore, in sub-lethal concentrations of air stripped leachate (leachate that had been exposed to 5-l of air per minute for 96-h) the population dynamics of both test species remained unaltered.
air stripping, asellus aquaticus, 2-Chlorobiphenyl, gammarus pulex, landfill leachate, toxicity tests
0160-4120
1114-1122
Bloor, M.C.
97ed259c-17a3-40b5-95c2-f3f4957c36d5
Banks, C. J.
5c6c8c4b-5b25-4e37-9058-50fa8d2e926f
Bloor, M.C.
97ed259c-17a3-40b5-95c2-f3f4957c36d5
Banks, C. J.
5c6c8c4b-5b25-4e37-9058-50fa8d2e926f

Bloor, M.C. and Banks, C. J. (2005) Acute and sub-lethal toxicity of landfill leachate towards two aquatic macro-invertebrates: demonstrating the remediation potential of air stripping. Environment International, 31 (8), 1114-1122. (doi:10.1016/j.envint.2005.03.002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A specific leachate that contained 1.036 mg l?1 of 2-chlorobiphenyl was used in the study (255 mg l?1 COD and 133 mg l?1 BOD5). Bench scale (20 l) air stripping trials were used to simulate on a small-scale the treatment potential of this method. Air stripping effectively reduced the leachates COD concentration. Regardless of the volume of air supplied (1–5 l of air per minute) the leachates COD reached a < 50 mg l?1 equilibrium after 96-h exposure, however, increasing the volume of air accelerated the process. In untreated leachate, the LC50 for Asellus aquaticus was 57% v/v leachate in deionised water and 5% for Gammarus pulex (96-h, static LC50 tests without nutrition and oxygen depleting conditions). After being exposed to air stripping, these values rose from 90% to below the LC50 threshold for Asellus when 1–5 l of air per minute were applied and 30–90% for Gammarus. Furthermore, in sub-lethal concentrations of air stripped leachate (leachate that had been exposed to 5-l of air per minute for 96-h) the population dynamics of both test species remained unaltered.

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More information

Published date: February 2005
Keywords: air stripping, asellus aquaticus, 2-Chlorobiphenyl, gammarus pulex, landfill leachate, toxicity tests

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 53700
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/53700
ISSN: 0160-4120
PURE UUID: 95566f84-224c-46bc-96c9-d1fede9f90ed

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 Jul 2008
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:40

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