Gourvenec, S., Powrie, W. and De Moor, E.K.
Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering, 155, (3), . (doi:10.1680/geng.18.104.22.168682).
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Although long retaining walls are usually analysed in the permanent condition by means of a plane strain analysis, three-dimensional effects may be significant in limiting ground movements at certain stages during construction. This is particularly true for embedded diaphragm-type retaining walls propped at formation level. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element analysis representing a typical construction sequence for such a wall is compared with a corresponding plane strain analysis and field data from the A4/A46 Batheaston–Swainswick bypass. The results are used to assess the significance of three-dimensional effects during construction, and suggest how these can be utilised to minimise ground movements.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
||Gourvenec S.M., Powrie W., De Moor E.K., (2002). "Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall." Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Geotechnical Engineering, 155(3), 163-173
||retaining walls, roads & highways, temporary works
||22 Jul 2008
||16 Apr 2017 17:48
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