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Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall

Record type: Article

Although long retaining walls are usually analysed in the permanent condition by means of a plane strain analysis, three-dimensional effects may be significant in limiting ground movements at certain stages during construction. This is particularly true for embedded diaphragm-type retaining walls propped at formation level. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element analysis representing a typical construction sequence for such a wall is compared with a corresponding plane strain analysis and field data from the A4/A46 Batheaston–Swainswick bypass. The results are used to assess the significance of three-dimensional effects during construction, and suggest how these can be utilised to minimise ground movements.

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Gourvenec, S., Powrie, W. and De Moor, E.K. (2002) Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering, 155, (3), pp. 163-173. (doi:10.1680/geng.

More information

Published date: July 2002
Additional Information: Gourvenec S.M., Powrie W., De Moor E.K., (2002). "Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall." Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Geotechnical Engineering, 155(3), 163-173
Keywords: retaining walls, roads & highways, temporary works


Local EPrints ID: 53874
ISSN: 1353-2618
PURE UUID: 22f47c00-e61e-49b5-970c-4affdb4beec5
ORCID for W. Powrie: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 22 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:37

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Author: S. Gourvenec
Author: W. Powrie ORCID iD
Author: E.K. De Moor

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