Evaluating the evidence for pancultural self-enhancement

Sedikides, Constantine, Gaertner, Lowell and Vevea, Jack L. (2007) Evaluating the evidence for pancultural self-enhancement Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 10, (3), pp. 201-203. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-839X.2007.00227.x).


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We do not regard the better-than-average effect as 'the only acceptable measure of self-enhancement' (Heine, Kitayama, & Hamamura, 2007b). Rather, we object to meta-analytical inclusion of effects that are incapable of testing the tactical self-enhancement hypothesis. In Investigation 1 of Sedikides, Gaertner, and Vevea (2007a), 12 of the 24 effects involved attributes that were unvalidated for domain (collectivistic vs individualistic): these effects are uninformative. The 12 domain-validated effects supported the hypothesis. In Investigation 2 of Sedikides et al. (2007a), 12 of the 29 effects were deemed irrelevant. None of these effects involved a correlation between: (a) a participant's rating of self and his/her rating of another person; and (b) idiographic importance rating of the comparison attributes. These effects, then, cannot test whether the self–other comparison varies with the personal importance of the comparison attributes. The 17 relevant effects supported the hypothesis. The weight of the evidence points to the panculturality of self-enhancement.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1111/j.1467-839X.2007.00227.x
ISSNs: 1367-2223 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: pancultural self-enhancement, self-enhancement, tactical self-enhancement
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 54642
Date :
Date Event
20 July 2007Published
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:46
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/54642

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