The use of remotely sensed land cover to derive floodplain friction coefficients for flood inundation modelling


Wilson, M.D. and Atkinson, P.M. (2007) The use of remotely sensed land cover to derive floodplain friction coefficients for flood inundation modelling Hydrological Processes, 21, pp. 3576-3586. (doi:10.1002/hyp.6584).

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Description/Abstract

Remotely sensed land cover was used to generate spatially-distributed friction coefficients for use in a two-dimensional model of flood inundation. Such models are at the forefront of research into the prediction of river flooding. Standard practice, however, is to use single (static) friction coefficients on both the channel and floodplain, which are varied in a calibration procedure to provide a “best fit” to a known inundation extent. Spatially-distributed friction provides a physically grounded estimate of friction that does not require fitting to a known inundation extent, but which can be fitted if desired. Remote sensing offers the opportunity to map these friction coefficients relatively straightforwardly and for low cost. Inundation was predicted using the LISFLOOD-FP model for a reach on the River Nene, UK. Friction coefficients were produced from land cover predicted from Landsat TM imagery using both ML and fuzzy c-means classifiction. The elevetion data used were from combined contour and differential global positioning system (GPS) elevation data. Predicted inundation using spatiallydistributed and static friction were compared. Spatially-distributed friction had the greatest effect on the timing of flood inundation, but a small effect on predicted inundation extent. The results indicate that spatially-distributed friction should be considered where the timing of initial flooding (e.g. for early warning) is important.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1002/hyp.6584
ISSNs: 1099-1085 (print)
Keywords: floodplain friction coefficients, remote sensing, flood inundation modelling
Subjects:

ePrint ID: 54993
Date :
Date Event
2007Published
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:45
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/54993

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