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Human animal sexual interactions: a predictive model to differentiate between zoophilia, zoosexuality and bestiality

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

The human animal bond has been portrayed as loving, both in a figurative sense and in a physical and sexual context. Historically, human animal sex was described as sodomy or bestiality and viewed as either a sin against God or, later, as a mental illness. Today neither description is considered accurate. ‘Zoophilia’ is the recognised term describing human animal sex (DSM 4th ed. APA 2000), and the practice is considered a paraphilia. This definition carries no moral judgement. However, the term Zoophilia has been used to describe horrific cases of human animal sexual abuse and, consequently, the forging of a link with child abuse (Munro and Thrusfield 2005).
Methodology In 2006 UK animal welfare, legal, veterinary and psychological organisations were surveyed for their attitudes and policies regarding bestiality and zoophilia.
Results Some organisations declined to respond, or indicated they had no policy. Where policies did exist, they did not differentiate between bestiality and zoophilia.
Development Elements of empathy and attachment are often described by zoophiles as components of their interspecific relationships. This has lead to a distinction being made in the literature between zoophilia and zoosexuality (Beetz, 2005; Miletski 2005). The current study led to the development of a predictive model, differentiating further between zoophilia, zoosexuality and bestiality. It is suggested that these differences are predicated on underlying individual levels of empathy, attachment and sexual attraction. It is considered that zoophilia is an attachment based relationship, zoosexuality is a sexual orientation and that bestiality occurs in people whose sexual orientation may be predominately directed to other humans.
Psychometric scales can be used to plot individual scores rated high/medium/low for: 1: Empathy to humans 2: Empathy to animals 3: Attachment to humans 4: Attachment to animals 5: Sexual attraction to humans 6: Sexual attraction to animals It is hypothesised that an individual’s 6 dimensional score could indicate a preference/likelihood for human-animal sex, and differentiate between type. This model is descriptive, does not indicate causation and is not judgemental.
Conclusion It is suggested that this hypothetical predictive 6-dimensional model may assist in providing deeper psychological understanding of human-animal sexual interactions. This in turn would lead to clearer legal interpretation, judgements and outcomes for those individuals involved, thereby engendering positive influences for both human and animal welfare.

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Citation

Adams, J.C., McBride, E.A. and Carr, A. (2007) Human animal sexual interactions: a predictive model to differentiate between zoophilia, zoosexuality and bestiality At 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions "People and Animals: Partnership in Harmony". 05 - 08 Oct 2007. 1 pp, p. 169.

More information

Published date: 2007
Venue - Dates: 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions "People and Animals: Partnership in Harmony", 2007-10-05 - 2007-10-08
Keywords: human animal sexual interactions, human animal interactions, zoophilia, zoosexuality, bestiality

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 55006
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/55006
PURE UUID: e380e05c-bf4e-4950-8343-0f124866630a

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Date deposited: 29 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:34

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Contributors

Author: J.C. Adams
Author: E.A. McBride
Author: A. Carr

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