White, Sarah.J. and Liversedge, Simon.P.
Linguistic and non-linguistic influences on the eyes' landing positions during reading.
Quarterly Journal Of Experimental Psychology Section A - Human Experimental Psychology, 59, (4), . (doi:10.1080/02724980543000024).
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Two eye tracking experiments show that, for near launch sites, the eyes land nearer to the beginning of
words with orthographically irregular than with regular initial letter sequences. In addition, the
characteristics of words, at least at the level of orthography, influence the direction and length of
within-word saccades. Importantly, these effects hold both for lower case and for visually less distinctive
upper case text. Furthermore, contrary to previous evidence (Tinker & Paterson, 1939), there is
little effect of type case on reading times. Additional analyses of oculomotor behaviour suggest that
there is an inverted optimal viewing position for single fixation durations on words. Both the
supplementary analyses and the effects of orthography on fixation positions are relevant to current
models of eye movements in reading.
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