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Is there evidence of learned helplessness in horses?

Hall, Carol, Goodwin, Deborah, Heleski, Camie, Randle, Hayley and Waran, Natalie (2008) Is there evidence of learned helplessness in horses? Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 11, (3), pp. 249-266. (doi:10.1080/10888700802101130). (PMID:18569222).

Record type: Article


Learned helplessness can be defined as a psychological condition whereby individuals learn that they have no control over unpleasant or harmful conditions, that their actions are futile and that they are helpless. In a series of experiments in which dogs were exposed to inescapable shocks it was found that this lack of control subsequently interfered with the ability to learn an avoidance task. There is evidence that both neural adaptations and behavioural despair occur in response to uncontrollable aversive experiences in rodents, although this has yet to be demonstrated in other species such as horses. However, it has been suggested that certain traditional methods of horse training and some behavioral modification techniques may involve aversive conditions over which the horse has little or no control. When training and management procedures are repeatedly unpleasant for the horse and there is no clear association between behavior and outcome, this is likely to interfere with learning and performance, in addition to compromising welfare. This paper reviews published literature and anecdotal evidence to explore the possibility that the phenomenon learned helplessness occurs in the horse.

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Published date: July 2008


Local EPrints ID: 55321
ISSN: 1088-8705
PURE UUID: 98b57a86-4fb1-424e-b520-b77492cb78c6

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Date deposited: 04 Aug 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:33

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Author: Carol Hall
Author: Deborah Goodwin
Author: Camie Heleski
Author: Hayley Randle
Author: Natalie Waran

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