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A pictorial scale of pain intensity (SPIN) for patients with communication impairments

Jackson, Diane, Horn, Sandra, Kersten, Paula and Turner-Stokes, Lynne (2006) A pictorial scale of pain intensity (SPIN) for patients with communication impairments International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 13, (10), pp. 457-463.

Record type: Article


Patients with impaired communication often have difficulty describing symptoms such as pain, which hinders both clinical treatment and research. The objective of this study was to develop and characterize a step-by-step process for introducing a new pictorial scale of pain intensity (SPIN) to stroke patients with communication deficits undergoing rehabilitation. To exemplify the process, this article describes a single patient with profound aphasia and rightsided hemiplegia, who was thought to have severe pain in his affected shoulder, probably associated with neuropathic pain. A method of presenting the SPIN, based on a total communication approach, was established and serial pain ratings made by the patient were found to be consistent with independent clinical records. The SPIN appears to have potential as a method for quantifying pain severity in people with limited communication. Further evaluation is needed in a larger sample of patients.

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Published date: October 2006


Local EPrints ID: 55322
ISSN: 1741-1645
PURE UUID: 79685ec0-9aef-4e24-9a92-49b46440f268

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Date deposited: 30 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:33

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Author: Diane Jackson
Author: Sandra Horn
Author: Paula Kersten
Author: Lynne Turner-Stokes

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