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Welfare neighborhoods: anatomy of a concept

Deverteuil, Geoffrey (2005) Welfare neighborhoods: anatomy of a concept Journal of Poverty, 9, (2), pp. 23-41. (doi:10.1300/J134v09n02_02).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper conceptualizes welfare neighborhoods–places where welfare payments have deeply insinuated themselves into the local economy and survival strategies of the poor. Moving beyond Wilson’s concept of concentrated poverty, I recognize the diversity and heterogeneity of impoverished neighborhoods, as well as more fully develop the relationship between welfare and place. I propose three welfare neighborhood types–the jobless ghetto, immigrant enclave and service-dependent ghetto–which are then explored using 2000 census data and a k-means cluster analysis. I identify and map the three sets of welfare neighborhoods in the two most populous urban jurisdictions in the United States, New York City and Los Angeles County. In the conclusion, I emphasize the pressing issue of federal welfare reform, of how its most recent phase further thrusts welfare neighborhoods into the unfamiliar role of being catalysts for job creation and personal transformation

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More information

Published date: 11 July 2005
Keywords: welfare neighborhoods, poverty, New York city, Los Angeles county

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 55355
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/55355
ISSN: 1087-5549
PURE UUID: 46b9aaf0-271a-42a3-abdd-50d2b346ac33

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Date deposited: 31 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:33

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Author: Geoffrey Deverteuil

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