Welfare neighborhoods: anatomy of a concept

Deverteuil, Geoffrey (2005) Welfare neighborhoods: anatomy of a concept Journal of Poverty, 9, (2), pp. 23-41. (doi:10.1300/J134v09n02_02).


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This paper conceptualizes welfare neighborhoods–places where welfare payments have deeply insinuated themselves into the local economy and survival strategies of the poor. Moving beyond Wilson’s concept of concentrated poverty, I recognize the diversity and heterogeneity of impoverished neighborhoods, as well as more fully develop the relationship between welfare and place. I propose three welfare neighborhood types–the jobless ghetto, immigrant enclave and service-dependent ghetto–which are then explored using 2000 census data and a k-means cluster analysis. I identify and map the three sets of welfare neighborhoods in the two most populous urban jurisdictions in the United States, New York City and Los Angeles County. In the conclusion, I emphasize the pressing issue of federal welfare reform, of how its most recent phase further thrusts welfare neighborhoods into the unfamiliar role of being catalysts for job creation and personal transformation

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1300/J134v09n02_02
ISSNs: 1087-5549 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: welfare neighborhoods, poverty, New York city, Los Angeles county

ePrint ID: 55355
Date :
Date Event
11 July 2005Published
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:43
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/55355

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