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Social inequality and ethnic differences in smoking in New Zealand

Barnett, R., Moon, G. and Kearns, R. (2004) Social inequality and ethnic differences in smoking in New Zealand Social Science & Medicine, 59, (1), pp. 129-143. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2003.10.010).

Record type: Article


This study tests a generalisation of the ‘Wilkinson’ thesis that the greater a nation’s income inequality, the poorer the average national health status. We consider the effect of socio-economic inequality upon ethnic variations in smoking in New Zealand. Analysis of Maori and Pakeha (New Zealanders of European descent) smokingrates from the 1996 Census is conducted for 73 Territorial Local Authority areas in New Zealand, disaggregated by gender and rural–urban location. Partial correlation is used to control for absolute levels of deprivation and examine the independent effect of ethnic social inequality upon smokingrates. The level of social inequality between Maori and Pakeha has an independent effect on Maori smokingrates. Pakeha smokingrates by contrast are more sensitive to variations in absolute rather than relative deprivation. The effect of inequality is greatest for Maori women, especially among urban residents. By contrast, amongMaori men the effects are greatest in rural areas. The results provide some qualified support for the Wilkinson thesis and suggest that policies which address fundamental issues of social inequality will play a small, but significant, role in helping to reduce high smoking rates amongst Maori.

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More information

Published date: July 2004
Keywords: ethnic inequality, smoking, maori, New Zealand
Organisations: Economy Culture & Space, PHEW – P (Population Health)


Local EPrints ID: 55397
ISSN: 0277-9536
PURE UUID: 920514d7-63ae-40cd-8397-35cbf968e2fe
ORCID for G. Moon: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 31 Jul 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:33

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