Spectral reflectance and photosynthetic properties of Sphagnum mosses exposed to progressive drought


Harris, A. (2008) Spectral reflectance and photosynthetic properties of Sphagnum mosses exposed to progressive drought Ecohydrology, 1, (1), pp. 35-42. (doi:10.1002/eco.5).

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Description/Abstract

This article explores the utility of spectral reflectance signals to assess changes in the photosynthetic efficiency (?PSII) of Sphagnum mosses exposed to reductions in water availability. Reflectance was measured in parallel to moisture content and chlorophyll fluorescence in five species of Sphagnum exposed to progressive drought. Decreases in moisture availability caused a significant reduction in ?PSII for all samples tested. An objective was to ascertain whether Sphagnum ?PSII was better correlated with (i) spectral indices directly related to photosynthetic processes through association with xanthophyll cycle pigmentation (the photochemical reflectance index; PRI), or (ii) indices indirectly correlated with photosynthetic activity but able to detect changes in canopy morphology (the normalized difference vegetation index; NDVI), chlorophyll stability (the structure insensitive pigment index; SIPI), or canopy moisture content (the floating water band index; fWBI). Strongest correlations were found between ?PSII and indices which were indirectly related to ?PSII. Both the SIPI and the NDVI exhibited linear correlations although these relationships were sometimes sample-specific. The fWBI was the index least affected by sample-specific relationships and showed a strong curvilinear correlation with ?PSII. Photosynthetic efficiency was correlated with the PRI but relationships were much weaker than for the other indices used, and in some cases negative. The NDVI and the fWBI show the most potential for monitoring Sphagnum photosynthetic activity at the ecosystem scale. The results from this study will help to monitor and understand the responses of these key species to hydrological disturbances.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1002/eco.5
ISSNs: 1936-0584 (print)
Keywords: peatlands, remote sensing, photosynthetic efficiency, moisture, chlorophyll fluorescence, Sphagnum
Subjects:

ePrint ID: 55597
Date :
Date Event
20 February 2008Published
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:43
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/55597

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