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Matrix assembly, regulation, and survival functions of laminin and its receptors in embryonic stem cell differentiation

Li, Shaohua, Harrison, David, Carbonetto, Salvatore, Fässler, Reinhard, Smyth, Neil, Edgar, David and Yurchenco, Peter .D. (2002) Matrix assembly, regulation, and survival functions of laminin and its receptors in embryonic stem cell differentiation PloS one, 157, (7), pp. 1279-1290. (doi:10.1083/jcb.200203073).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Laminin-1 is essential for early embryonic basement membrane assembly and differentiation. Several steps can be distinguished, i.e., the expression of laminin and companion matrix components, their accumulation on the cell surface and assembly into basement membrane between endoderm and inner cell mass, and the ensuing differentiation of epiblast. In this study, we used differentiating embryoid bodies derived from mouse embryonic stem cells null for {gamma}1-laminin, ß1-integrin and {alpha}/ß-dystroglycan to dissect the contributions of laminin domains and interacting receptors to this process. We found that (a) laminin enables ß1-integrin–null embryoid bodies to assemble basement membrane and achieve epiblast with ß1-integrin enabling expression of the laminin {alpha}1 subunit; (b) basement membrane assembly and differentiation require laminin polymerization in conjunction with cell anchorage, the latter critically dependent upon a heparin-binding locus within LG module-4; (c) dystroglycan is not uniquely required for basement membrane assembly or initial differentiation; (d) dystroglycan and integrin cooperate to sustain survival of the epiblast and regulate laminin expression; and (e) laminin, acting via ß1-integrin through LG1–3 and requiring polymerization, can regulate dystroglycan expression.

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More information

Published date: 24 June 2002
Keywords: basement membrane, gastrulation, integrin, dystroglycan, apoptosis

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 55881
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/55881
ISSN: 1932-6203
PURE UUID: 333a85d6-9d70-4b48-a414-ef71def557ea

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Date deposited: 06 Aug 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:31

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Contributors

Author: Shaohua Li
Author: David Harrison
Author: Salvatore Carbonetto
Author: Reinhard Fässler
Author: Neil Smyth
Author: David Edgar
Author: Peter .D. Yurchenco

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