Cross, K.M., Foreman, R.C. and Chad, J.E.
Enhancement by 5-hydroxytryptamine and analogues of
desensitization of neuronal and muscle nicotinic receptors
expressed in Xenopus oocytes
British Journal of Pharmacology, 114, (8), .
Full text not available from this repository.
The action of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on neuronal and muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nicotinic AChR) expressed in Xenopus oocytes was studied. 2. 5-HT enhanced the rate of desensitization of the acetylcholine (ACh) current response in all receptor subtypes investigated (muscle, alpha beta 2 gamma delta and alpha 4 beta 2), acting in a dose-dependent manner. 3. 5-HT also reduced the peak current elicited by ACh in a dose-dependent manner. The IC50 value for the muscle type receptor was 227 +/- 0.44 microM, and 166 +/- 0.47 microM and 283 +/- 0.28 microM for the combinations alpha beta 2 gamma delta and alpha 4 beta 2 respectively. 4. The effect of 5-HT on the responses to ACh (10 microM) was found to be independent of membrane voltage over the range tested (-80 to -10 mV), and to be readily reversed by washout. 5. The action of 5-HT could be mimicked by structurally similar molecules. The homologue tryptamine was less potent than 5-HT in blocking the ACh current, with an IC50 of 1.0 +/- 0.02 mM. Ketanserin, a 5-HT2 receptor antagonist, was more potent than 5-HT, the IC50 being 49.0 +/- 1.4 microM. 6. We postulate that a highly conserved portion of the tertiary structure of nicotinic AChRs, which includes some part of the ACh binding site, has affinity for 5-HT and structural analogues.
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