Hall, J.L. and Williams, L.E.
Transition metal transporters in plants
Journal of Experimental Botany, 54, (393), .
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Transition metals such as Fe, Cu, Mn, and Zn are essential minerals for normal plant growth and development, although they can be toxic when present in excess. Thus, for healthy plant growth, a range of transition metals must be acquired from the soil, distributed around the plant, and their concentrations carefully regulated within different cells and organelles. Membrane transport systems are likely to play a central role in these processes. The application of powerful genetic and molecular techniques has now identified a range of gene families that are likely to be involved in transition metal transport. These include the heavy metal ATPases (HMAs), the Nramps, the cation diffusion facilitator (CDF) family, the ZIP family, and the cation antiporters. This review provides a broad overview of the range of potential transport systems now thought to be involved in the uptake, distribution and homeostasis of transition metals in plants.
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