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Construction and characterization of protein rLG, a novel 16.5 kDa hybrid protein with a large binding repertoire for immunoglobulin fragments

Construction and characterization of protein rLG, a novel 16.5 kDa hybrid protein with a large binding repertoire for immunoglobulin fragments
Construction and characterization of protein rLG, a novel 16.5 kDa hybrid protein with a large binding repertoire for immunoglobulin fragments
Several proteins isolated from the surface of Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria have been shown to bind immunoglobulin (Ig) in a non-antigenic manner. The most widely studied of these proteins are protein A from Staphylococcus aureus, protein G from groups C and G streptococci, and protein L from Peptostreptococcus magnus. Although very useful reagents these all have limitations to their general applicability.Attempts have previously been made to broaden the binding spectra of individual Ig-binding molecules through the production of multidomain fusion proteins. The binding repertoires of proteins A and G restricts binding of a construct to specific Ig isotypes only. The ability of protein L to uniquely bind the variable domain of k-chains makes this protein a potential tool for the purification of Ig regardless of isotype. In the present study, a single k-chain binding domain of protein L was linked to a single Fc-binding domain of protein G to yield the novel, recombinant protein rLG gene. The rLG gene was cloned into the expression vector pKK223-3 allowing it to be over-expressed in E.coli JM103 cells. These studies show that despite its small size (Mr = 16.5 kDa), protein rLG exhibits simultaneous binding of ligands to both moieties, thereby making it a more versatile tool for Ig purification. A program of site directed mutagenesis (SDM) has been employed to characterize the binding properties and structural stability of protein rLG by equilibrium and stopped-flow fluorimetry, isothermal titration calorimetry, immuno-diffusion assay, affinity chromatography, circular dichroism and chemical denaturation studies.
1742-464X
p.254
Harrison, S.L.
528e8399-b5f8-434e-8aca-8b1b7908a6a2
Housden, N.G.
5fc2b5f1-a7da-4f20-b794-d7d8ef597d5d
Gore, M.G.
7bd6db4b-c5a2-4206-8666-b92208ba7979
Harrison, S.L.
528e8399-b5f8-434e-8aca-8b1b7908a6a2
Housden, N.G.
5fc2b5f1-a7da-4f20-b794-d7d8ef597d5d
Gore, M.G.
7bd6db4b-c5a2-4206-8666-b92208ba7979

Harrison, S.L., Housden, N.G. and Gore, M.G. (2005) Construction and characterization of protein rLG, a novel 16.5 kDa hybrid protein with a large binding repertoire for immunoglobulin fragments. Febs Journal, 272 (s1), p.254.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Several proteins isolated from the surface of Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria have been shown to bind immunoglobulin (Ig) in a non-antigenic manner. The most widely studied of these proteins are protein A from Staphylococcus aureus, protein G from groups C and G streptococci, and protein L from Peptostreptococcus magnus. Although very useful reagents these all have limitations to their general applicability.Attempts have previously been made to broaden the binding spectra of individual Ig-binding molecules through the production of multidomain fusion proteins. The binding repertoires of proteins A and G restricts binding of a construct to specific Ig isotypes only. The ability of protein L to uniquely bind the variable domain of k-chains makes this protein a potential tool for the purification of Ig regardless of isotype. In the present study, a single k-chain binding domain of protein L was linked to a single Fc-binding domain of protein G to yield the novel, recombinant protein rLG gene. The rLG gene was cloned into the expression vector pKK223-3 allowing it to be over-expressed in E.coli JM103 cells. These studies show that despite its small size (Mr = 16.5 kDa), protein rLG exhibits simultaneous binding of ligands to both moieties, thereby making it a more versatile tool for Ig purification. A program of site directed mutagenesis (SDM) has been employed to characterize the binding properties and structural stability of protein rLG by equilibrium and stopped-flow fluorimetry, isothermal titration calorimetry, immuno-diffusion assay, affinity chromatography, circular dichroism and chemical denaturation studies.

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Published date: 1 July 2005

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 56088
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/56088
ISSN: 1742-464X
PURE UUID: a745bc84-6175-4786-97f5-7cf40875fc64

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Date deposited: 06 Aug 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:31

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Contributors

Author: S.L. Harrison
Author: N.G. Housden
Author: M.G. Gore

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