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Accumulation of beta-amyloid precursor protein in axons correlates with CNS expression of SIV gp41

Record type: Article

Axonal damage represented by accumulation of [beta]-amyloid precursor protein ([beta]-APP) develops in numerous central nervous system (CNS) diseases including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. To study the underlying mechanisms of axonal damage associated with HIV CNS infection, the amount of axonal [beta]-APP immunostaining in the corpus callosum of 24 simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques and 3 control macaques was measured by computerized image analysis. The amounts of [beta]-APP accumulation were then compared with time post-inoculation, extent and character of CNS inflammation, and viral load in the CNS measured by the amount of immunohistochemical staining for the viral transmembrane protein gp41. Significant increases over control values were present in 10 of 24 SIV-infected animals. SIV encephalitis was present in 9 of the 10 animals with elevated [beta]-APP. Increases in [beta]-APP correlated most strongly with levels of SIV gp41 in the brain (p = 0.005), but significant associations with macrophage infiltration and microglial activation (p = 0.04) and infiltration by cytotoxic lymphocytes (p = 0.05) also were identified. These data demonstrate that [beta]-APP accumulation in the white matter of SIV-infected macaques develops during SIV infection in close correlation with levels of viral replication and may serve as a sensitive marker of neuronal/axonal damage mediated by viral proteins.

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Citation

Mankowski, J.L., Queen, S.E., Tarwater, P.M., Fox, K.J. and Perry, V.H. (2002) Accumulation of beta-amyloid precursor protein in axons correlates with CNS expression of SIV gp41 Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 61, (1), pp. 85-90. (PMID:11829347).

More information

Published date: January 2002
Organisations: Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 56378
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/56378
ISSN: 0022-3069
PURE UUID: 23ee9f8d-34ca-4745-a79b-1ed9ac972860

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Aug 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:31

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Contributors

Author: J.L. Mankowski
Author: S.E. Queen
Author: P.M. Tarwater
Author: K.J. Fox
Author: V.H. Perry

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