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The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus petilia (Stoll 1790) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera : Danainae), reinstated as a species

The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus petilia (Stoll 1790) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera : Danainae), reinstated as a species
The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus petilia (Stoll 1790) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera : Danainae), reinstated as a species
The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus (Anosia) chrysippus petilia (Stoll) (Lepidoptera: Danainae), has been treated as a subspecies for the last 100 years. New mitochondrial DNA sequence data for D. petilia, in conjunction with allozyme, structural, morphometric and pattern characters, constitute a compelling case for its specific rank. The holotype of D. petilia has never been located and, as the type location is uncertain, a neotype is designated. Fresh material was collected and examined for this project. Danaus petilia and D. chrysippus have been separated at Lydekker's Line for an estimated 1.1 million years, and they remain interfertile. However, as an allopatric taxon, diagnosable from D. chrysippus, D. petilia merits specific status under the phylogenetic species concept. The following pairs of D. chrysippus subspecies are considered to be synonyms, the first member of each pair having priority: chrysippus + aegyptius (subspecies), klugii + infumata (hybrid phenotypes) and orientis +liboria (subspecies).
allozymes, biological species concept, Danaus chrysippus, Danaus petilia, mitochondrial DNA, phylogenetic species concept, Systematics
1326-6756
6-14
Lushai, G.
442463f7-1dd9-4c08-a487-2ae88f9e605f
Zalucki, M.P.
438b3680-bcc9-457e-9eb2-1868b7638071
Smith, D.A.S.
d432eb33-02df-47d0-b4b6-212b9b3d17ec
Goulson, D.
edf7f1d7-7e58-40c3-88e8-81a43ca89efd
Daniels, G.
2f5eaaef-1da6-4cfc-8c6d-bb10ce0ab52c
Lushai, G.
442463f7-1dd9-4c08-a487-2ae88f9e605f
Zalucki, M.P.
438b3680-bcc9-457e-9eb2-1868b7638071
Smith, D.A.S.
d432eb33-02df-47d0-b4b6-212b9b3d17ec
Goulson, D.
edf7f1d7-7e58-40c3-88e8-81a43ca89efd
Daniels, G.
2f5eaaef-1da6-4cfc-8c6d-bb10ce0ab52c

Lushai, G., Zalucki, M.P., Smith, D.A.S., Goulson, D. and Daniels, G. (2005) The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus petilia (Stoll 1790) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera : Danainae), reinstated as a species. Australian Journal of Entomology, 44 (1), 6-14. (doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.2005.00423.x).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus (Anosia) chrysippus petilia (Stoll) (Lepidoptera: Danainae), has been treated as a subspecies for the last 100 years. New mitochondrial DNA sequence data for D. petilia, in conjunction with allozyme, structural, morphometric and pattern characters, constitute a compelling case for its specific rank. The holotype of D. petilia has never been located and, as the type location is uncertain, a neotype is designated. Fresh material was collected and examined for this project. Danaus petilia and D. chrysippus have been separated at Lydekker's Line for an estimated 1.1 million years, and they remain interfertile. However, as an allopatric taxon, diagnosable from D. chrysippus, D. petilia merits specific status under the phylogenetic species concept. The following pairs of D. chrysippus subspecies are considered to be synonyms, the first member of each pair having priority: chrysippus + aegyptius (subspecies), klugii + infumata (hybrid phenotypes) and orientis +liboria (subspecies).

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More information

Submitted date: 3 February 2004
Published date: 24 January 2005
Keywords: allozymes, biological species concept, Danaus chrysippus, Danaus petilia, mitochondrial DNA, phylogenetic species concept, Systematics

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 56842
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/56842
ISSN: 1326-6756
PURE UUID: 575fac2b-d1bd-4c43-abd7-daedcf76ce4f

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Date deposited: 06 Aug 2008
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:34

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Contributors

Author: G. Lushai
Author: M.P. Zalucki
Author: D.A.S. Smith
Author: D. Goulson
Author: G. Daniels

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