The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Spin dynamics of exciton polaritons in microcavities

Spin dynamics of exciton polaritons in microcavities
Spin dynamics of exciton polaritons in microcavities
In this chapter we address a complex set of optical phenomena linked to the spin dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities. When optically created, polaritons inherit the spin and dipole moment from the exciting light. Their state can be fully characterized by a so-called pseudospin accounting for both spin and dipole moment orientation. However, from the very beginning of their life in a microcavity, polaritons start changing their pseudospin state under effect of effective magnetic fields of different nature and due to scattering with acoustic phonons, defects, and other polaritons. This makes pseudospin dynamics of exciton polaritons rich and complex. It manifests itself in non-trivial changes in polarization of light emitted by the cavity versus time, pumping energy, pumping intensity and polarization. During the first years of theoretical research on exciton-polariton relaxation the polarization has been simply neglected. Later it has been understood that the energy and momentum-relaxation of exciton polaritons are spin-dependent. It is typically the case in the regime of stimulated scattering when the spin polarizations of initial and final polariton state have a huge effect on the scattering rate between these states. It appeared that critical conditions for polariton Bose-condensation are also polarization-dependent. In particular, the stimulation threshold (i.e. the pumping power needed to have a population exceeding 1 at the ground state of the lower polariton branch) has been experimentally shown to be lower under linear than under circular pumping. These experimental observations have stimulated the theoretical research toward understanding of mutually dependent polarization- and energy-relaxation mechanisms in microcavities. The authors of this chapter have been working on theoretical description of different specific effects of polariton spin-dynamics in microcavities for years. Here we attempted to put together all fragments and to formulate a general approach to the problem that would allow then to consider a variety of particular cases. We start from reminding the main spin-relaxation mechanisms known for free carriers and excitons. We then overview the most essential experimental results in this field before to present our original formalism which allowed us to interpret the key experimental findings. We are going to discuss only the strong coupling regime leaving aside all polarization effects in VCSELs.
0370-1972
2271-2289
Shelykh, I.A.
7dad78b3-4681-410a-abf2-39f3bb16c41f
Kavokin, A.V.
70ffda66-cfab-4365-b2db-c15e4fa1116b
Malpuech, G.
da5f02e8-b721-4a4b-a3fc-cb756b396e4a
Shelykh, I.A.
7dad78b3-4681-410a-abf2-39f3bb16c41f
Kavokin, A.V.
70ffda66-cfab-4365-b2db-c15e4fa1116b
Malpuech, G.
da5f02e8-b721-4a4b-a3fc-cb756b396e4a

Shelykh, I.A., Kavokin, A.V. and Malpuech, G. (2005) Spin dynamics of exciton polaritons in microcavities. Physica Status Solidi (b), 242 (11), 2271-2289. (doi:10.1002/pssb.200560965).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In this chapter we address a complex set of optical phenomena linked to the spin dynamics of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities. When optically created, polaritons inherit the spin and dipole moment from the exciting light. Their state can be fully characterized by a so-called pseudospin accounting for both spin and dipole moment orientation. However, from the very beginning of their life in a microcavity, polaritons start changing their pseudospin state under effect of effective magnetic fields of different nature and due to scattering with acoustic phonons, defects, and other polaritons. This makes pseudospin dynamics of exciton polaritons rich and complex. It manifests itself in non-trivial changes in polarization of light emitted by the cavity versus time, pumping energy, pumping intensity and polarization. During the first years of theoretical research on exciton-polariton relaxation the polarization has been simply neglected. Later it has been understood that the energy and momentum-relaxation of exciton polaritons are spin-dependent. It is typically the case in the regime of stimulated scattering when the spin polarizations of initial and final polariton state have a huge effect on the scattering rate between these states. It appeared that critical conditions for polariton Bose-condensation are also polarization-dependent. In particular, the stimulation threshold (i.e. the pumping power needed to have a population exceeding 1 at the ground state of the lower polariton branch) has been experimentally shown to be lower under linear than under circular pumping. These experimental observations have stimulated the theoretical research toward understanding of mutually dependent polarization- and energy-relaxation mechanisms in microcavities. The authors of this chapter have been working on theoretical description of different specific effects of polariton spin-dynamics in microcavities for years. Here we attempted to put together all fragments and to formulate a general approach to the problem that would allow then to consider a variety of particular cases. We start from reminding the main spin-relaxation mechanisms known for free carriers and excitons. We then overview the most essential experimental results in this field before to present our original formalism which allowed us to interpret the key experimental findings. We are going to discuss only the strong coupling regime leaving aside all polarization effects in VCSELs.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2005

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 57590
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/57590
ISSN: 0370-1972
PURE UUID: 0c5931f3-23c8-4791-b438-5009fa70af55

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Aug 2008
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:33

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×