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A nanoparticle as a bit of optical memory

A nanoparticle as a bit of optical memory
A nanoparticle as a bit of optical memory
We report on the experimental demonstration of bistable memory functionality in nanoparticles by engaging transformations between different structural phases with radically different dielectric properties. Functional nanoparticles acting, for example, as waveguiding or as switchjng structures are expected to play a very important role in future nanophotonic devices. In recent experiments with a single nanoparticle, we demonstrated that a nanoparticle with a diameter of several tens of nanometres exhibits equilibrium coexistences between a number of solid and disordered structural phases with very different dielectric properties. The coexistence can be controlled with only a few picojoules of external optical excitation in a highly reversible and reproducible fashion. In the present experiments, we show that by coding a low reflectivity phase as logical '0' and a high reflectivity phase as logical '1', an all-optical memory operating at very low powers can be achieved in gallium nanoparticles. The memory is written by a single optical pulse that irreversibly switches nanoparticles from state '0' to state '1', while it can then be erased by cooling the nanoparticles down, for example by switching off an auxiliary laser. Therefore, our results show for the first time that a resonator-less optical memory element can be created with a nanoparticle undergoing a structural transformation.
Soares, B.F.
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Bashevoy, M.V.
b9c00e78-fd59-4243-a369-f29dd08061fd
MacDonald, K.F.
76c84116-aad1-4973-b917-7ca63935dba5
Jonsson, F.
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Zheludev, N.I.
32fb6af7-97e4-4d11-bca6-805745e40cc6
Soares, B.F.
89983b1e-0762-4343-b3f7-83e53ced4f36
Bashevoy, M.V.
b9c00e78-fd59-4243-a369-f29dd08061fd
MacDonald, K.F.
76c84116-aad1-4973-b917-7ca63935dba5
Jonsson, F.
7c3532cd-4995-47d6-bae9-137d829afeb1
Zheludev, N.I.
32fb6af7-97e4-4d11-bca6-805745e40cc6

Soares, B.F., Bashevoy, M.V., MacDonald, K.F., Jonsson, F. and Zheludev, N.I. (2006) A nanoparticle as a bit of optical memory. QEP-17 at Photon06. 04 - 07 Sep 2006.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

We report on the experimental demonstration of bistable memory functionality in nanoparticles by engaging transformations between different structural phases with radically different dielectric properties. Functional nanoparticles acting, for example, as waveguiding or as switchjng structures are expected to play a very important role in future nanophotonic devices. In recent experiments with a single nanoparticle, we demonstrated that a nanoparticle with a diameter of several tens of nanometres exhibits equilibrium coexistences between a number of solid and disordered structural phases with very different dielectric properties. The coexistence can be controlled with only a few picojoules of external optical excitation in a highly reversible and reproducible fashion. In the present experiments, we show that by coding a low reflectivity phase as logical '0' and a high reflectivity phase as logical '1', an all-optical memory operating at very low powers can be achieved in gallium nanoparticles. The memory is written by a single optical pulse that irreversibly switches nanoparticles from state '0' to state '1', while it can then be erased by cooling the nanoparticles down, for example by switching off an auxiliary laser. Therefore, our results show for the first time that a resonator-less optical memory element can be created with a nanoparticle undergoing a structural transformation.

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More information

Published date: September 2006
Venue - Dates: QEP-17 at Photon06, 2006-09-04 - 2006-09-07

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 57751
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/57751
PURE UUID: b91f285c-25cb-4e73-9e39-34704ed21f36
ORCID for K.F. MacDonald: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3877-2976
ORCID for N.I. Zheludev: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1013-6636

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Aug 2008
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:53

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