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Diffraction bar-codes as high capacity optical microtags for chemical and biological applications

Birtwell, S., Galitonov, G.S., Whitton, A., Morgan, H. and Zheludev, N. (2006) Diffraction bar-codes as high capacity optical microtags for chemical and biological applications At QEP-17 at Photon06. 04 - 07 Sep 2006.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


The rapid advances in high throughput screening, combinatorial chemistry, genomic and proteomic sciences have stimulated dramatic development of new encoding strategies for bead-based assays. Several optical encoding methods are currently used in these applications, including fluorescence, Raman and magnetic tagging on microbeads. Here we describe a new method for encoding small beads which allows for non-contact reading and offer potentially millions of distinguishable tags. The tagging technique is based on fabricating a nano-structured pattern on the surface of the particle, which is only a few microns in size, read by detecting the spatial distribution of laser light diffracted by the tag. In the simplest implementation, the pattern is no more than a miniature diffraction grating, where information is coded in the pitch or spatial dimensions of the grating, read by detecting the angle of the diffracted orders. A huge increase in capacity has been achieved by using a number of superimposed gratings with different pitch and by employing two dimensional gratings. Distinguishing of tens of thousands of tags has been demonstrated on a chromium-on-glass chip library of 50 µm long tags. The technique has also been proved with biologically compatible gratings manufactured on metal nanoparticle doped SU8 photo-polymer.

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Published date: September 2006
Venue - Dates: QEP-17 at Photon06, 2006-09-04 - 2006-09-07


Local EPrints ID: 57758
PURE UUID: 74dc1ceb-c802-473a-ac3f-e608892df92b
ORCID for H. Morgan: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 11 Aug 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:28

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Author: S. Birtwell
Author: G.S. Galitonov
Author: A. Whitton
Author: H. Morgan ORCID iD
Author: N. Zheludev

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