Experienced and inexperienced health care workers' beliefs about challenging behaviours

Hastings, R.P., Remington, B. and Hopper, G.M. (1995) Experienced and inexperienced health care workers' beliefs about challenging behaviours Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 39, (6), pp. 474-483. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.1995.tb00567.x).


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Within a behavioural framework, staff responses to challenging behaviours have been identified as likely to ensure the long-term maintenance of such behaviour. However, little has been done to understand why staff behave as they do. The present paper hypothesized that staff's beliefs about the causes of challenging behaviours may be an important factor in determining staff responses to it. Beliefs about causes of three topographies of challenging behaviour (self-injury, stereotypy and aggression) were elicited from 148 experienced and 98 inexperienced institutional staff and nursing students using a questionnaire measure. Results showed that experienced participants held beliefs that were more consistent with contemporary theories of challenging behaviours than inexperienced participants. Experienced participants also distinguished between the behaviours in terms of their causes. These data were interpreted as reflecting a 'needs-based' rather than a 'functional' approach to intervention for challenging behaviours. Implications for staff training, community living and future research on staff behaviour were briefly considered.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.1995.tb00567.x
ISSNs: 0964-2633 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: health staff, mental health, psychiatric nurse, attitude, belief, professional practice, behavioral disorder, aggressiveness, violence, stereotypy, self injury, cognition, health staff patient relation, human
ePrint ID: 58153
Date :
Date Event
December 1995Published
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:37
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/58153

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