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Selecting thresholds of occurrence in the prediction of species distributions

Liu, Canran, Berry, Pam.M., Dawson, Terence.P. and Pearson, Richard.G. (2005) Selecting thresholds of occurrence in the prediction of species distributions Ecography, 28, (3), pp. 385-393. (doi:10.1111/j.0906-7590.2005.03957.x).

Record type: Article


Transforming the results of species distribution modelling from probabilities of or suitabilities for species occurrence to presences/absences needs a specific threshold. Even though there are many approaches to determining thresholds, there is no comparative study. In this paper, twelve approaches were compared using two species in Europe and artificial neural networks, and the modelling results were assessed using four indices: sensitivity, specificity, overall prediction success and Cohen's kappa statistic. The results show that prevalence approach, average predicted probability/suitability approach, and three sensitivity-specificity-combined approaches, including sensitivity-specificity sum maximization approach, sensitivity-specificity equality approach and the approach based on the shortest distance to the top-left corner (0,1) in ROC plot, are the good ones. The commonly used kappa maximization approach is not as good as the afore-mentioned ones, and the fixed threshold approach is the worst one. We also recommend using datasets with prevalence of 50% to build models if possible since most optimization criteria might be satisfied or nearly satisfied at the same time, and therefore it's easier to find optimal thresholds in this situation.

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Published date: 1 June 2005


Local EPrints ID: 58500
ISSN: 0906-7590
PURE UUID: 6188eef6-7a41-480d-bfd1-858d6ec45c56

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Date deposited: 14 Aug 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:26

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Author: Canran Liu
Author: Pam.M. Berry
Author: Terence.P. Dawson
Author: Richard.G. Pearson

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