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Does maternal AD/HD reduce the effectiveness of parent training for pre-school children's AD/HD?

Does maternal AD/HD reduce the effectiveness of parent training for pre-school children's AD/HD?
Does maternal AD/HD reduce the effectiveness of parent training for pre-school children's AD/HD?
Objective: To assess the impact of maternal attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the effectiveness of a parent training (PT) program for preschool ADHD.
Method: Eighty-three 3-year-old children with ADHD and their mothers selected from two community cohorts living in Hampshire, England (1992-93 and -96, respectively), completed an 8-week PT program. ADHD symptoms and a number of other parent and child factors, including adult ADHD symptoms, were measured prior to the start of treatment (week 1: T1), immediately after treatment (week 8: T2), and at 15 weeks follow-up (week 23: T3).
Results: Mothers were divided into three groups on the basis of their scores (T1) on the Adult AD/HD Rating Scale (high, medium, low). Children of mothers in the high-ADHD group displayed no improvement after PT, whereas the levels of ADHD symptoms of the children of mothers in either the medium or low ADHD groups reduced substantially (F4,160 = 3.13, p < .05). This association persisted after other child and maternal factors were controlled for in multiple regression analyses ([beta] > .30, p < .05).
Conclusions: High levels of maternal ADHD symptoms limit the improvement shown by children with ADHD after a program of PT. This effect was unrelated to other aspects of maternal mental health and child functioning. The treatment of parental ADHD may be a prerequisite for the success of psychosocial interventions for childhood ADHD.
0890-8567
696-702
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund
bc80bf95-6cf9-4c76-a09d-eaaf0b717635
Daley, David
651d0b29-8790-4a13-aa18-ad9a499d34e8
Thompson, Margaret
bfe8522c-b252-4771-8036-744e93357c67
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund
bc80bf95-6cf9-4c76-a09d-eaaf0b717635
Daley, David
651d0b29-8790-4a13-aa18-ad9a499d34e8
Thompson, Margaret
bfe8522c-b252-4771-8036-744e93357c67

Sonuga-Barke, Edmund, Daley, David and Thompson, Margaret (2002) Does maternal AD/HD reduce the effectiveness of parent training for pre-school children's AD/HD? Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41 (6), 696-702.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of maternal attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the effectiveness of a parent training (PT) program for preschool ADHD.
Method: Eighty-three 3-year-old children with ADHD and their mothers selected from two community cohorts living in Hampshire, England (1992-93 and -96, respectively), completed an 8-week PT program. ADHD symptoms and a number of other parent and child factors, including adult ADHD symptoms, were measured prior to the start of treatment (week 1: T1), immediately after treatment (week 8: T2), and at 15 weeks follow-up (week 23: T3).
Results: Mothers were divided into three groups on the basis of their scores (T1) on the Adult AD/HD Rating Scale (high, medium, low). Children of mothers in the high-ADHD group displayed no improvement after PT, whereas the levels of ADHD symptoms of the children of mothers in either the medium or low ADHD groups reduced substantially (F4,160 = 3.13, p < .05). This association persisted after other child and maternal factors were controlled for in multiple regression analyses ([beta] > .30, p < .05).
Conclusions: High levels of maternal ADHD symptoms limit the improvement shown by children with ADHD after a program of PT. This effect was unrelated to other aspects of maternal mental health and child functioning. The treatment of parental ADHD may be a prerequisite for the success of psychosocial interventions for childhood ADHD.

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Published date: June 2002
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 58832
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/58832
ISSN: 0890-8567
PURE UUID: 1c470fb2-9a1c-4ba3-a12c-7b87673de486

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Date deposited: 18 Aug 2008
Last modified: 27 Apr 2020 16:35

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