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IL13 gene polymorphisms modify the effect of exposure to tobacco smoke on persistent wheeze and asthma of childhood, a longitudinal study

Sadeghnejad, Alireza, Karmaus, Wilfried, Arshad, S. Hasan, Kurukulaaratchy, Ramesh, Huebner, Marianne and Ewart, Sesan (2008) IL13 gene polymorphisms modify the effect of exposure to tobacco smoke on persistent wheeze and asthma of childhood, a longitudinal study Respiratory Research, 9, (2) (doi:10.1186/1465-9921-9-2). (PMID:18186920).

Record type: Article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoke and genetic susceptibility are risk factors for asthma and wheezing. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a combined effect of interleukin-13 gene (IL13) polymorphisms and tobacco smoke on persistent childhood wheezing and asthma. METHODS: In the Isle of Wight birth cohort (UK, 1989-1999), five IL13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): rs1800925 (a1112C/T), rs2066960, rs1295686, rs20541 (R130Q) and rs1295685 were genotyped. Parents were asked whether their children had wheezed in the last 12 months at ages 1, 2, 4 and 10 years. Children who reported wheeze in the first 4 years of life and also had wheezing at age 10 were classified as early-onset persistent wheeze phenotype; non-wheezers never wheezed up to age 10. Persistent asthma was defined as having a diagnosis of asthma both during the first four years of life and at age 10. Logistic regression methods were used to analyze data on 791 children with complete information. Potential confounders were gender, birth weight, duration of breast feeding, and household cat or dog present during pregnancy. RESULTS: Maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with early-onset persistent wheeze (OR 2.93, p < 0.0001); polymorphisms in IL13 were not (OR 1.15, p = 0.60 for the common haplotype pair). However, the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy was stronger in children with the common IL13 haplotype pair compared to those without it (OR 5.58 and OR 1.29, respectively; p for interaction = 0.014). Single SNP analysis revealed a similar statistical significance for rs20541 (p for interaction = 0.02). Comparable results were observed for persistent childhood asthma (p for interaction = 0.03). CONCLUSION: This is the first report that shows a combined effect of in utero exposure to smoking and IL13 on asthma phenotypes in childhood. The results emphasize that genetic studies need to take environmental exposures into account, since they may explain contradictory findings.

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Published date: 10 January 2008

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 59403
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/59403
ISSN: 1465-9921
PURE UUID: 5645472c-e938-4cbd-8de9-aff3f1549726

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Date deposited: 17 Sep 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:24

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Contributors

Author: Alireza Sadeghnejad
Author: Wilfried Karmaus
Author: S. Hasan Arshad
Author: Ramesh Kurukulaaratchy
Author: Marianne Huebner
Author: Sesan Ewart

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