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Mechanisms to explain the reverse perivascular transport of solutes out of the brain

Schley, D., Carare-Nnadi, R., Please, C.P., Perry, V.H. and Weller, R.O. (2006) Mechanisms to explain the reverse perivascular transport of solutes out of the brain Journal of Theoretical Biology, 238, (4), pp. 962-974. (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.07.005).

Record type: Article


Experimental studies and observations in the human brain indicate that interstitial fluid and solutes, such as amyloid-? (A?), are eliminated from grey matter of the brain along pericapillary and periarterial pathways. It is unclear, however, what constitutes the motive force for such transport within blood vessel walls, which is in the opposite direction to blood flow. In this paper the potential for global pressure differences to achieve such transport are considered. A mathematical model is constructed in order to test the hypothesis that perivascular drainage of interstitial fluid and solutes out of brain tissue is driven by pulsations of the blood vessel walls. Here it is assumed that drainage occurs through a thin layer between astrocytes and endothelial cells or between smooth muscle cells. The model suggests that, during each pulse cycle, there are periods when fluid and solutes are driven along perivascular spaces in the reverse direction to the flow of blood. It is shown that successful drainage may depend upon some attachment of solutes to the lining of the perivascular space, in order to produce a valve-like effect, although an alternative without this requirement is also postulated. Reduction in pulse amplitude, as in ageing cerebral vessels, would prolong the attachment time, encourage precipitation of A? peptides in vessel walls, and impair elimination of A? from the brain. These factors may play a role in the pathogenesis of cerebral amyloid angiopathy and in the accumulation of A? in the brain in Alzheimer's disease.

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Published date: 21 February 2006
Keywords: perivascular transport, thin-film flow, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, alzheimer's disease


Local EPrints ID: 60836
ISSN: 0022-5193
PURE UUID: 549a601a-1477-4774-b440-261f8a22fd8b

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Date deposited: 02 Oct 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:23

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