The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Geographical variation in neonatal phenotype

Leary, Sam, Fall, Caroline, Osmond, Clive, Lovel, Hermione, Campbell, Doris, Eriksson, Johan, Forrester, Terrence, Godfrey, Keith, Hill, Jacqui, Jie, Mi, Law, Catherine, Newby, Rachel, Robinson, Sian and Yajnik, Chittaranjan (2006) Geographical variation in neonatal phenotype Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 85, (9), pp. 1080-1089.

Record type: Article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown associations between size and body proportions at birth and health outcomes throughout the life cycle, but there are few data on how neonatal phenotype varies in different populations around the world.
METHODS: Data from the UK, Finland, India, Sri Lanka, China, DR Congo, Nigeria, and Jamaica (n=22,067) were used to characterize geographical differences in phenotype in singleton, live-born newborns. Measurements included birth weight, placental weight, length, head, chest, abdominal and arm circumferences, and skinfolds.
RESULTS: Neonates in Europe were the largest, followed by Jamaica, East Asia (China), then Africa and South Asia. Birth weight varied widely (mean values 2,730-3,570 g), but in contrast, head circumference was similar in all except China (markedly smaller). The main difference in body proportions between populations was the head to length ratio, with small heads relative to length in China and large heads relative to length in South Asia and Africa.
CONCLUSIONS: These marked geographical differences in neonatal phenotype need to be considered when investigating determinants of fetal growth, and optimal phenotype for short-term and long-term outcomes.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: September 2006
Keywords: cephalometry, size, health, body weight, methods, jamaica, europe, arm, finland, skinfold thickness, growth, nigeria, gestational age, birth-weight, ethnology, male, research, great britain, comparative study, weight, newborn, ethnic groups, birth weight, birth, placenta, china, india, infant, phenotype, congo, female, anthropometry, physiology, pregnancy, fetal-growth, parity, anatomy & histology, humans, head, maternal age, fetal, geography, sri lanka, body height

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 61323
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/61323
ISSN: 0001-6349
PURE UUID: bc3c5336-36d9-4ba2-bb70-724d9ffddbfb
ORCID for Clive Osmond: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9054-4655
ORCID for Keith Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618
ORCID for Sian Robinson: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1766-7269

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Sep 2008
Last modified: 27 Aug 2017 03:19

Export record

Contributors

Author: Sam Leary
Author: Caroline Fall
Author: Clive Osmond ORCID iD
Author: Hermione Lovel
Author: Doris Campbell
Author: Johan Eriksson
Author: Terrence Forrester
Author: Keith Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: Jacqui Hill
Author: Mi Jie
Author: Catherine Law
Author: Rachel Newby
Author: Sian Robinson ORCID iD
Author: Chittaranjan Yajnik

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×