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Body mass index during childhood and adult body composition in men and women aged 56-70y

Body mass index during childhood and adult body composition in men and women aged 56-70y
Body mass index during childhood and adult body composition in men and women aged 56-70y
Background: The relation between the change in body mass index (BMI) through childhood and body composition in adult life is important because body composition is known to affect adult health.

Objective: The objective was to examine how the change in BMI throughout childhood is related to adult lean and fat mass.

Design: We examined how the change in BMI in childhood was related to adult body composition in 885 men and 1032 women born during 1934–1944, whose weights and heights during childhood were recorded serially. Adult lean and fat mass were measured by bioelectrical impedance with an 8-polar tactile electrode system.

Results: In these 56–70-y-old men and women, adult lean body mass index (lean mass/height2; in kg/m2) was positively associated with BMI at birth (0.24 and 0.20 higher for each 1-SD increase in BMI at birth, respectively) and with more rapid gain in BMI from birth to 1 y (0.17 and 0.22), 1–2 y (0.21 and 0.20), 2–7 y (0.44 and 0.46), and 7–11 y (0.32 and 0.26) of age. Fat mass index (fat mass/height2) was positively associated with more rapid increases in BMI between 2 and 11 y of age.

Conclusions: Rapid gain in BMI before the age of 2 y increased adult lean body mass without excess fat accumulation, whereas rapid gain in BMI in later childhood, despite the concurrent rise in lean mass, resulted in relatively larger increases in fat mass
adult, birth, weight, childhood, health, aged, mass, finland, height, men, research, body mass index, women, public health, body composition, epidemiology
0002-9165
1769-1775
Ylihärsilä, Hilkka
42504362-ed30-4a9f-aa44-40027c901a01
Kajantie, Eero
d68d55b6-6df1-4195-a914-44c738a6db93
Osmond, Clive
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Forsén, Tom
71e12224-d830-4202-9b7c-ee8fe47a4d54
Barker, David J.P.
5c773838-b094-4ac1-999b-b5869717f243
Eriksson, Johan G.
e95e6451-67bb-4338-803e-7af310a920ac
Ylihärsilä, Hilkka
42504362-ed30-4a9f-aa44-40027c901a01
Kajantie, Eero
d68d55b6-6df1-4195-a914-44c738a6db93
Osmond, Clive
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Forsén, Tom
71e12224-d830-4202-9b7c-ee8fe47a4d54
Barker, David J.P.
5c773838-b094-4ac1-999b-b5869717f243
Eriksson, Johan G.
e95e6451-67bb-4338-803e-7af310a920ac

Ylihärsilä, Hilkka, Kajantie, Eero, Osmond, Clive, Forsén, Tom, Barker, David J.P. and Eriksson, Johan G. (2008) Body mass index during childhood and adult body composition in men and women aged 56-70y. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87 (6), 1769-1775.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: The relation between the change in body mass index (BMI) through childhood and body composition in adult life is important because body composition is known to affect adult health.

Objective: The objective was to examine how the change in BMI throughout childhood is related to adult lean and fat mass.

Design: We examined how the change in BMI in childhood was related to adult body composition in 885 men and 1032 women born during 1934–1944, whose weights and heights during childhood were recorded serially. Adult lean and fat mass were measured by bioelectrical impedance with an 8-polar tactile electrode system.

Results: In these 56–70-y-old men and women, adult lean body mass index (lean mass/height2; in kg/m2) was positively associated with BMI at birth (0.24 and 0.20 higher for each 1-SD increase in BMI at birth, respectively) and with more rapid gain in BMI from birth to 1 y (0.17 and 0.22), 1–2 y (0.21 and 0.20), 2–7 y (0.44 and 0.46), and 7–11 y (0.32 and 0.26) of age. Fat mass index (fat mass/height2) was positively associated with more rapid increases in BMI between 2 and 11 y of age.

Conclusions: Rapid gain in BMI before the age of 2 y increased adult lean body mass without excess fat accumulation, whereas rapid gain in BMI in later childhood, despite the concurrent rise in lean mass, resulted in relatively larger increases in fat mass

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: June 2008
Keywords: adult, birth, weight, childhood, health, aged, mass, finland, height, men, research, body mass index, women, public health, body composition, epidemiology
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 61631
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/61631
ISSN: 0002-9165
PURE UUID: de62b90c-d38f-4313-b3b0-8a25c1190b8f
ORCID for Clive Osmond: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9054-4655

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Mar 2009
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:45

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