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Non-fatal occupational injuries in British agriculture

Solomon, C., Poole, J., Palmer, K.T. and Coggon, D. (2007) Non-fatal occupational injuries in British agriculture Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 64, (3), pp. 150-154. (doi:10.1136/oem.2005.024265).

Record type: Article

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, nature and determinants of non-fatal occupational injuries in British agriculture.
METHODS: As part of a postal survey, data on lifetime histories of work in agriculture and occupational accidents were obtained from men born between 1933 and 1977 and residing in three rural areas of England and Wales. Incidence rates for different categories of accident were compared with those derived from statutory reporting. Associations with risk factors were explored by Poisson regression, and summarised by incidence rate ratios (IRRs).
RESULTS: Of the 10 765 responders (response rate = 31%), 3238 (30%) reported at least one occupational accident at the ages of 14-64 years, leading to absence from work for >or=3 days, including 1492 accidents that could be linked to a specific job listed in the history of agricultural work. The reported incidence of injuries in agriculture was markedly higher than that derived from statutory reporting, particularly for self-employed farmers. During 1996-2003, the highest rates of agricultural accidents were from handling, lifting or carrying (4.9/1000 person-years), falls from a height (4.6/1000 person-years) and injury by animals (3.4/1000 person-years). After adjustment for calendar period and age, the risk of accidents was elevated in men who had only recently entered agricultural work (IRR 3.7, 95% CI 2.7 to 5.1 for men who had worked in agriculture for up to 1 year relative to those who had entered the industry >25 years earlier), and in those who carried out forestry (IRR 1.7, 95% CI 1.5 to 1.9).
CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm the substantial underascertainment of serious accidental injuries in agriculture through statutory reporting, particularly for the self-employed. The risk of accidents is highest in new recruits to the industry and in those undertaking forestry, and these groups should be a target for further preventive action.

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More information

Published date: 2007
Keywords: methods, research, statistics & numerical data, humans, incidence, epidemiology, forestry, middle aged, risk, England and Wales, aged, health surveys, agriculture, rural population, animals, accidents, occupational, adult, industry, history, research support, Wales, injuries, england, lifting, male, risk factors, height

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 62140
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/62140
ISSN: 1351-0711
PURE UUID: aeb9dfce-92e6-4142-b424-a1d4765ba7e0
ORCID for D. Coggon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1930-3987

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Sep 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:21

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Contributors

Author: C. Solomon
Author: J. Poole
Author: K.T. Palmer
Author: D. Coggon ORCID iD

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