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Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorders
Anxiety symptoms and disorders are common in community settings and in primary and secondary care. Symptoms can be mild and transient, but many people are troubled by severe symptoms that cause great personal distress, and which impair social and occupational function. The societal burden associated with anxiety disorders is considerable, but many of those who might benefit from treatment are not recognized or treated by healthcare professionals. By contrast, some patients receive unnecessary or inappropriate treatment. Recognition relies on keen awareness of the psychological and physical symptoms which are seen in all anxiety disorders, and diagnosis rests on the identification of the particular anxiety disorders. The need for treatment is determined by the severity and persistence of symptoms, the level of associated disability and impact on everyday life, the presence of coexisting depressive symptoms and other features such as a good response to or poor tolerability of previous treatment approaches. Choice of treatment is influenced by patient characteristics, patient and doctor preferences, and the local availability of potential interventions. There is much overlap between the different anxiety disorders for evidence-based and effective therapies (such as the prescription of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or undergoing individual cognitive–behavioural therapy) but there are also important differences, and for this reason it is helpful to become familiar with the characteristic features and evidence-base for each anxiety disorder.
anxiety disorder, cognitive-behavioural therapy, recognition, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, treatment
1357-3039
415-421
Baldwin, David S.
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Ajel, Khalil I.
076f1679-5594-4d08-8ad4-c2eab3f9e7ab
Garner, Matthew J.
3221c5b3-b951-4fec-b456-ec449e4ce072
Baldwin, David S.
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Ajel, Khalil I.
076f1679-5594-4d08-8ad4-c2eab3f9e7ab
Garner, Matthew J.
3221c5b3-b951-4fec-b456-ec449e4ce072

Baldwin, David S., Ajel, Khalil I. and Garner, Matthew J. (2008) Anxiety disorders. Medicine, 36 (8), 415-421. (doi:10.1016/j.mpmed.2008.05.002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Anxiety symptoms and disorders are common in community settings and in primary and secondary care. Symptoms can be mild and transient, but many people are troubled by severe symptoms that cause great personal distress, and which impair social and occupational function. The societal burden associated with anxiety disorders is considerable, but many of those who might benefit from treatment are not recognized or treated by healthcare professionals. By contrast, some patients receive unnecessary or inappropriate treatment. Recognition relies on keen awareness of the psychological and physical symptoms which are seen in all anxiety disorders, and diagnosis rests on the identification of the particular anxiety disorders. The need for treatment is determined by the severity and persistence of symptoms, the level of associated disability and impact on everyday life, the presence of coexisting depressive symptoms and other features such as a good response to or poor tolerability of previous treatment approaches. Choice of treatment is influenced by patient characteristics, patient and doctor preferences, and the local availability of potential interventions. There is much overlap between the different anxiety disorders for evidence-based and effective therapies (such as the prescription of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or undergoing individual cognitive–behavioural therapy) but there are also important differences, and for this reason it is helpful to become familiar with the characteristic features and evidence-base for each anxiety disorder.

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More information

Published date: August 2008
Keywords: anxiety disorder, cognitive-behavioural therapy, recognition, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, treatment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 62298
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/62298
ISSN: 1357-3039
PURE UUID: 4e0132a3-3af3-4c41-820d-9928abe8f699

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Date deposited: 02 Apr 2009
Last modified: 05 Dec 2018 17:33

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