The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis

Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis
Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis
Good theoretical definitions of psychological phenomena not only are rigorously formulated but also provide ample conceptual coverage. To assess the latter, we empirically surveyed everyday conceptions of modesty in a combined U.S./U.K. sample. In Study 1, participants freely generated multiple exemplars of modesty that judges subsequently sorted into superordinate categories. Exemplar frequency and priority served, respectively, as primary and secondary indices of category prototypicality that enabled central, peripheral, and marginal clusters to be identified. Follow-up studies then confirmed the ordinal prototypicality of these clusters with the aid of both explicit (Studies 2 and 3) and implicit (Study 3) methodologies. Modest people emerged centrally as humble, shy, solicitous, and not boastful and peripherally as honest, likeable, not arrogant, attention-avoiding, plain, and gracious. Everyday conceptions of modesty also spanned both mind and behavior, emphasized agreeableness and introversion, and predictably incorporated an element of humility.
modesty, humility, prototype analysis
0146-1672
978 -992
Gregg, Aiden P.
1b03bb58-b3a5-4852-a177-29e4f633b063
Hart, Claire M.
e3db9c72-f493-439c-a358-b3b482d55103
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Kumashiro, Madoka
53c2b236-13b5-4a03-acf3-7ee6b0e34ec1
Gregg, Aiden P.
1b03bb58-b3a5-4852-a177-29e4f633b063
Hart, Claire M.
e3db9c72-f493-439c-a358-b3b482d55103
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Kumashiro, Madoka
53c2b236-13b5-4a03-acf3-7ee6b0e34ec1

Gregg, Aiden P., Hart, Claire M., Sedikides, Constantine and Kumashiro, Madoka (2008) Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, (7), 978 -992.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Good theoretical definitions of psychological phenomena not only are rigorously formulated but also provide ample conceptual coverage. To assess the latter, we empirically surveyed everyday conceptions of modesty in a combined U.S./U.K. sample. In Study 1, participants freely generated multiple exemplars of modesty that judges subsequently sorted into superordinate categories. Exemplar frequency and priority served, respectively, as primary and secondary indices of category prototypicality that enabled central, peripheral, and marginal clusters to be identified. Follow-up studies then confirmed the ordinal prototypicality of these clusters with the aid of both explicit (Studies 2 and 3) and implicit (Study 3) methodologies. Modest people emerged centrally as humble, shy, solicitous, and not boastful and peripherally as honest, likeable, not arrogant, attention-avoiding, plain, and gracious. Everyday conceptions of modesty also spanned both mind and behavior, emphasized agreeableness and introversion, and predictably incorporated an element of humility.

PDF unpub_Gregg_Hart_Sedikides_Kumashiro_2008.pdf - Other
Download (317kB)

More information

Published date: July 2008
Keywords: modesty, humility, prototype analysis
Organisations: Human Wellbeing

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 63105
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/63105
ISSN: 0146-1672
PURE UUID: a9c512e4-fbcc-4961-ae80-05752a56e9ba

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Sep 2008
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 18:27

Export record

Contributors

Author: Aiden P. Gregg
Author: Claire M. Hart
Author: Madoka Kumashiro

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×