Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis

Gregg, Aiden P., Hart, Claire M., Sedikides, Constantine and Kumashiro, Madoka (2008) Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, (7), 978 -992. (doi:10.1177/0146167208316734).

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Good theoretical definitions of psychological phenomena not only are rigorously formulated but also provide ample conceptual coverage. To assess the latter, we empirically surveyed everyday conceptions of modesty in a combined U.S./U.K. sample. In Study 1, participants freely generated multiple exemplars of modesty that judges subsequently sorted into superordinate categories. Exemplar frequency and priority served, respectively, as primary and secondary indices of category prototypicality that enabled central, peripheral, and marginal clusters to be identified. Follow-up studies then confirmed the ordinal prototypicality of these clusters with the aid of both explicit (Studies 2 and 3) and implicit (Study 3) methodologies. Modest people emerged centrally as humble, shy, solicitous, and not boastful and peripherally as honest, likeable, not arrogant, attention-avoiding, plain, and gracious. Everyday conceptions of modesty also spanned both mind and behavior, emphasized agreeableness and introversion, and predictably incorporated an element of humility.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1177/0146167208316734
ISSNs: 0146-1672 (print)
Keywords: modesty, humility, prototype analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 63105
Date :
Date Event
July 2008Published
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:27
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/63105

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