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Attentional and approach biases for pictorial food cues: influence of external eating

Attentional and approach biases for pictorial food cues: influence of external eating
Attentional and approach biases for pictorial food cues: influence of external eating
Individual differences in sensitivity of neural reward systems to external appetitive cues may determine normal and pathological eating behaviour. In the current study we investigated the relationship between cognitive biases for food cues and the trait predisposition of external eating (eating in response to external food cues). Biases in attention, approach and subjective evaluation of food cues were assessed on pictorial visual probe, stimulus response compatibility (SRC) and pleasantness rating tasks, respectively, in a sample of non-clinical participants. High external eating was associated with a greater attentional bias for food cues, as well as with a bias to evaluate them more positively. The unique relationship between external eating and the approach bias for food cues was less clear (i.e., high external eating was not significantly associated with greater approach bias after controlling the effect of emotional eating). Results support the view that there is individual variation in trait sensitivity of the reward system to external food cues. Implications for models of cognitive mechanisms that underlie normal and pathological motivational states are discussed.
attentional bias, implicit evaluation, cognitive bias, external eating, food cues, reward
0195-6663
299-306
Brignell, Catherine
ec44ecae-8687-4bbb-bc81-8c2c8f27febd
Griffith, Tanya
62fb7ece-94e1-4294-acd0-c6b54f116728
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Brignell, Catherine
ec44ecae-8687-4bbb-bc81-8c2c8f27febd
Griffith, Tanya
62fb7ece-94e1-4294-acd0-c6b54f116728
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30

Brignell, Catherine, Griffith, Tanya, Bradley, Brendan P. and Mogg, Karin (2009) Attentional and approach biases for pictorial food cues: influence of external eating. Appetite, 52 (2), 299-306. (doi:10.1016/j.appet.2008.10.007).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Individual differences in sensitivity of neural reward systems to external appetitive cues may determine normal and pathological eating behaviour. In the current study we investigated the relationship between cognitive biases for food cues and the trait predisposition of external eating (eating in response to external food cues). Biases in attention, approach and subjective evaluation of food cues were assessed on pictorial visual probe, stimulus response compatibility (SRC) and pleasantness rating tasks, respectively, in a sample of non-clinical participants. High external eating was associated with a greater attentional bias for food cues, as well as with a bias to evaluate them more positively. The unique relationship between external eating and the approach bias for food cues was less clear (i.e., high external eating was not significantly associated with greater approach bias after controlling the effect of emotional eating). Results support the view that there is individual variation in trait sensitivity of the reward system to external food cues. Implications for models of cognitive mechanisms that underlie normal and pathological motivational states are discussed.

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More information

Submitted date: October 2008
Published date: April 2009
Keywords: attentional bias, implicit evaluation, cognitive bias, external eating, food cues, reward

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 63734
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/63734
ISSN: 0195-6663
PURE UUID: 00a3fbcb-0a25-47be-916e-56c8ff8172c4
ORCID for Brendan P. Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-4271

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Oct 2008
Last modified: 19 Nov 2019 01:51

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