European approaches to ensure good animal welfare

Veissier, Isabelle, Butterworth, Andrew, Bock, Bettina and Roe, Emma (2008) European approaches to ensure good animal welfare Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 113, (4), pp. 279-297. (doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.01.008).


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Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The European Union (EU) started discussions on animal welfare in the 1980s and adopted a series of Directives to protect farm animals. Both Recommendations and Directives de?ne higher space allowance, more opportunity for social contacts, balanced diet, enriched environment, and limitation of harmful procedures. Animal welfare law varies across Europe with Northern states generally having the most stringent legislation. There is also an increasing variety of farm production schemes within European member states which contain animal welfare standards that go beyond the legal minimum. Some schemes are retailer-led; others are founded by producer organizations, sometimes in co-operation with non-governmental organisations. The differences between schemes re?ect higher national legal requirements, higher quality industry schemes, organic production schemes and speci?c welfare-friendlier schemes. The communication of these higher welfare standards to consumers through the use of a quality assurance scheme logo on a product or packaging claims does not always happen. Farmers differ in their motivation for participating in animal welfare schemes. Some are mainly encouraged by premium prices; others give ethical reasons for changing towards animal friendly production methods. Although there is no of?cial link between the Brambell report and European regulations to protect farm animals, the fact that the ?rst European regulations to protect animals were adopted 10 years after the report and were in line with the conclusions of the report suggest that the report was in?uential, not only in the United Kingdom but also in the rest of Europe.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.01.008
ISSNs: 0168-1591 (print)
Keywords: european legislation, animal-welfare friendly products, marketing schemes, attitudes
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Q Science > QL Zoology
ePrint ID: 64123
Date :
Date Event
October 2008Published
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:21
Further Information:Google Scholar

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