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Household characteristics associated with home water treatment: an analysis of the Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey

Household characteristics associated with home water treatment: an analysis of the Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey
Household characteristics associated with home water treatment: an analysis of the Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey
Objectives: The objective of this study is to understand the characteristics of households who treat their water in the home. In promoting home water treatment, there may be valuable lessons to be learnt from countries with many home water treatment users. Methods: Responses to the new Demographic and Health Survey question on water treatment were analysed for 21,972 Egyptian households interviewed during 2005. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between home water treatment and household characteristics. Results: 5.9% (CI 5.2–6.7%) of households used home water treatment, mostly either home filtration or letting water stand to settle. Filtration use was significantly related to educational attainment and wealth, whilst letting water stand to settle was related to use of stoneware water vessels, groundwater sources, and water supply disruptions. Discussion: The Egyptian data suggest that 4.5 million people use home water treatment and confirm some water handling behaviours reported elsewhere. Because of limited detail in the DHS data about the technologies used and their effectiveness, it is unclear whether this behaviour reduces waterborne disease. Further research should consider how such data can be augmented with additional information to address this question.
demographic and health surveys, logistic regression, water purification, water supply
1477-8920
21-29
Wright, Jim
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464
Gundry, Stephen W.
adb96e13-450c-4b8d-9f36-b6581a0ac220
Wright, Jim
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464
Gundry, Stephen W.
adb96e13-450c-4b8d-9f36-b6581a0ac220

Wright, Jim and Gundry, Stephen W. (2009) Household characteristics associated with home water treatment: an analysis of the Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey. Journal of Water and Health, 7 (1), 21-29. (doi:10.2166/wh.2009.056).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study is to understand the characteristics of households who treat their water in the home. In promoting home water treatment, there may be valuable lessons to be learnt from countries with many home water treatment users. Methods: Responses to the new Demographic and Health Survey question on water treatment were analysed for 21,972 Egyptian households interviewed during 2005. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between home water treatment and household characteristics. Results: 5.9% (CI 5.2–6.7%) of households used home water treatment, mostly either home filtration or letting water stand to settle. Filtration use was significantly related to educational attainment and wealth, whilst letting water stand to settle was related to use of stoneware water vessels, groundwater sources, and water supply disruptions. Discussion: The Egyptian data suggest that 4.5 million people use home water treatment and confirm some water handling behaviours reported elsewhere. Because of limited detail in the DHS data about the technologies used and their effectiveness, it is unclear whether this behaviour reduces waterborne disease. Further research should consider how such data can be augmented with additional information to address this question.

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Published date: 2009
Keywords: demographic and health surveys, logistic regression, water purification, water supply
Organisations: PHEW – P (Population Health), Remote Sensing & Spatial Analysis

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 65399
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/65399
ISSN: 1477-8920
PURE UUID: b28803ce-5642-4419-9502-1161e78134a2
ORCID for Jim Wright: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8842-2181

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Date deposited: 09 Feb 2009
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:57

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Contributors

Author: Jim Wright ORCID iD
Author: Stephen W. Gundry

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