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Population ecology of the dinoflagellate species Lingulodinium Polyedrum in southern California

Population ecology of the dinoflagellate species Lingulodinium Polyedrum in southern California
Population ecology of the dinoflagellate species Lingulodinium Polyedrum in southern California
Marine dinoflagellates are an ecologically important phytoplanktonic group that accounts for two thirds of all known harmful algal bloom (HAB) species. This study explores the population ecology of Lingulodinium polyedrum (F. Stein) J.D. Dodge, a common bloom-forming dinoflagellate species in Southern California. Lingulodinium polyedrum is not considered a HAB species, but functions as one of the main model organisms for dinoflagellate biology. As such, knowledge about this species also contributes significantly to the understanding of dinoflagellate population dynamics at a more general level. In an attempt to understand some of the complex interactions that govern L. polyedrum population ecology, laboratory experiments of life cycle control and intraspecific phenotypic diversity were linked with an in situ study of the population dynamics and the intraspecific genetic diversity of this species in coastal waters of Southern California. The life cycle experiments showed that processes such as gametogenesis and ecdysis of L. polyedrum are influenced by photon flux density (PFD) and gave a first indication for an involvement of the photosynthetic apparatus in the induction of gametogenesis in dinoflagellates. The light acclimation experiments revealed, for the first time, intraspecific phenotypic diversity in L. polyedrum. The two studied strains differed distinctly in their light requirements and light acclimation ‘strategies’. For the study of intraspecific genetic diversity in L. polyedrum a novel method was developed that allowed the genotyping of individual cells. The application of this novel approach to natural populations showed that population genetic exchange of L. polyedrum in the Southern California Bight is tied to water circulation patterns and that both habitat structure and environmental change leave their signatures in the population genetic composition of L. polyedrum. This thesis represents one of the most comprehensive studies of dinoflagellate population ecology and builds the basis for the development of a holistic concept of the population ecology of L. polyedrum and other dinoflagellate species.
Frommlet, Jörg C.
aab3b19c-9002-47d7-882e-57af9196a46c
Frommlet, Jörg C.
aab3b19c-9002-47d7-882e-57af9196a46c

Frommlet, Jörg C. (2008) Population ecology of the dinoflagellate species Lingulodinium Polyedrum in southern California. University of Southampton, School of Ocean and Earth Science, Doctoral Thesis, 140pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Marine dinoflagellates are an ecologically important phytoplanktonic group that accounts for two thirds of all known harmful algal bloom (HAB) species. This study explores the population ecology of Lingulodinium polyedrum (F. Stein) J.D. Dodge, a common bloom-forming dinoflagellate species in Southern California. Lingulodinium polyedrum is not considered a HAB species, but functions as one of the main model organisms for dinoflagellate biology. As such, knowledge about this species also contributes significantly to the understanding of dinoflagellate population dynamics at a more general level. In an attempt to understand some of the complex interactions that govern L. polyedrum population ecology, laboratory experiments of life cycle control and intraspecific phenotypic diversity were linked with an in situ study of the population dynamics and the intraspecific genetic diversity of this species in coastal waters of Southern California. The life cycle experiments showed that processes such as gametogenesis and ecdysis of L. polyedrum are influenced by photon flux density (PFD) and gave a first indication for an involvement of the photosynthetic apparatus in the induction of gametogenesis in dinoflagellates. The light acclimation experiments revealed, for the first time, intraspecific phenotypic diversity in L. polyedrum. The two studied strains differed distinctly in their light requirements and light acclimation ‘strategies’. For the study of intraspecific genetic diversity in L. polyedrum a novel method was developed that allowed the genotyping of individual cells. The application of this novel approach to natural populations showed that population genetic exchange of L. polyedrum in the Southern California Bight is tied to water circulation patterns and that both habitat structure and environmental change leave their signatures in the population genetic composition of L. polyedrum. This thesis represents one of the most comprehensive studies of dinoflagellate population ecology and builds the basis for the development of a holistic concept of the population ecology of L. polyedrum and other dinoflagellate species.

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Published date: May 2008
Organisations: University of Southampton

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Local EPrints ID: 65671
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/65671
PURE UUID: e38ee131-3025-4f1d-9bba-d90f80369abb

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Date deposited: 05 Mar 2009
Last modified: 22 Jul 2022 16:59

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Author: Jörg C. Frommlet

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