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Self-esteem, negative emotionality, and depression as a common temperamental core: a study of mid-adolescent twin girls

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We tested the structure and magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on the overlap among self-esteem, negative emotionality, and major depression symptoms in adolescent girls (N=706) from the Minnesota Twin Family Study. Genetic and environmental influences on all three operated via a general, heritable factor. Genetic influences explained the majority of overlap among the three constructs, as well as most of the variance in self-esteem and negative emotionality. Genetic influences on depression were more modest and largely due to genetic factors specific to depression. These findings support the theory that self-esteem, depression, and neuroticism represent aspects of a common temperamental core. The interrelations among the three constructs in mid-adolescence is consistent with their interrelations in adulthood.

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Citation

Neiss, Michelle B., Stevenson, Jim, Legrand, Lisa N., Iacono, William G. and Sedikides, Constantine (2009) Self-esteem, negative emotionality, and depression as a common temperamental core: a study of mid-adolescent twin girls Journal of Personality, 77, (2), pp. 327-346. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00549.x).

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Published date: April 2009

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Local EPrints ID: 65697
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/65697
ISSN: 0022-3506
PURE UUID: 6bd3c20a-f426-4602-a102-a42df0abee94

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Date deposited: 12 Mar 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:32

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Contributors

Author: Michelle B. Neiss
Author: Jim Stevenson
Author: Lisa N. Legrand
Author: William G. Iacono

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