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Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets

Vance, Derek, Teagle, Damon A.H. and Foster, Gavin L. (2009) Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets Nature, 458, (7237), pp. 493-496. (doi:10.1038/nature07828).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Rivers are the dominant source of many elements and isotopes to the ocean. But this input from the continents is not balanced by the loss of the elements and isotopes through hydrothermal and sedimentary exchange with the oceanic crust, or by temporal changes in the marine inventory for elements that are demonstrably not in steady state1, 2, 3, 4. To resolve the problem of the observed imbalance in marine geochemical budgets, attention has been focused on uncertainties in the hydrothermal and sedimentary fluxes1, 2, 3, 4. In recent Earth history, temporally dynamic chemical weathering fluxes from the continents are an inevitable consequence of periodic glaciations5, 6, 7, 8, 9. Chemical weathering rates on modern Earth are likely to remain far from equilibrium owing to the physical production of finely ground material at glacial terminations10, 11, 12, 13 that acts as a fertile substrate for chemical weathering. Here we explore the implications of temporal changes in the riverine chemical weathering flux for oceanic geochemical budgets. We contend that the riverine flux obtained from observations of modern rivers is broadly accurate, but not representative of timescales appropriate for elements with oceanic residence longer than Quaternary glacial–interglacial cycles. We suggest that the pulse of rapid chemical weathering initiated at the last deglaciation has not yet decayed away and that weathering rates remain about two to three times the average for an entire late Quaternary glacial cycle. Taking into account the effect of the suggested non-steady-state process on the silicate weathering flux helps to reconcile the modelled marine strontium isotope budget with available data. Overall, we conclude that consideration of the temporal variability in riverine fluxes largely ameliorates long-standing problems with chemical and isotopic mass balances in the ocean.

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More information

Submitted date: 26 March 2009
Published date: 11 September 2009
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 65898
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/65898
ISSN: 0028-0836
PURE UUID: e5598885-10a1-4923-96b2-95d8616a3466
ORCID for Damon A.H. Teagle: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4416-8409

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 Mar 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:29

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Contributors

Author: Derek Vance
Author: Gavin L. Foster

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