Roman mining on Exmoor: a geomorphological approach at Anstey's Combe, Dulverton

Brown, Anthony, Bennett, Jenny and Rhodes, Edward (2009) Roman mining on Exmoor: a geomorphological approach at Anstey's Combe, Dulverton Environmental Archaeology, 14, (1), pp. 50-61. (doi:10.1179/174963109X400673).


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A survey of valley fills in south-facing combes (headwater valleys) along the south side of the Exmoor massif revealed an anomalously deep infill in one valley. This infill of up to 5 m depth had been gullied revealing a complex stratigraphy. Studies of the stratigraphy, clast orientation and shape suggested several accumulation episodes under different environmental conditions commencing in a periglacial climatic regime. Later units included sandy silts which can be dated using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of quartz grains. The OSL dates, indicate that the inter-gravel silts accumulated in two periods, the Romano-British period and the 16th-17th centuries AD. A survey of the very small valley catchment revealed a linear trench of a type associated with early iron mining. Given the anomalously high volume of accumulated sediment from such a small catchment and evidence of mining on the slope above the site, the geomorphic mechanism is almost certainly the downslope transport of mining debris from the slope to the valley floor. This study suggests that the systematic survey of headwater valleys in metalliferous uplands may be one way of locating areas of early mining activity and that such deposits could provide a chronology of working and abandonment.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1179/174963109X400673
ISSNs: 1461-4103 (print)
Keywords: iron mining, alluviation, gullying, upland landscapes, osl
ePrint ID: 66225
Date :
Date Event
April 2009Published
Date Deposited: 14 May 2009
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 21:43
Further Information:Google Scholar

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