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Institutional and economic determinants of transnational retailer expansion and performance: a comparative analysis of Wal-Mart and Carrefour

Durand, Cédric and Wrigley, Neil (2009) Institutional and economic determinants of transnational retailer expansion and performance: a comparative analysis of Wal-Mart and Carrefour Environment and Planning A, 41, (7), pp. 1534-1555. (doi:10.1068/a4137).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In the context of a wave of retail foreign direct investment and increasing recognition across many disciplines of the profound developmental implications of transnational retail within the global economy, this paper examines the institutional and economic factors determining the performance of transnational retailers via a comparative analysis of the two global leaders in the industry, Wal-Mart and Carrefour. A conceptual framework is offered for explaining the heterogeneity of retailer perfor- mance in international markets, and three types of explanation are considered: the timing and mode of market entry and subsequent expansion, factors that allow the exercise of upstream market power, and sensitivity to issues of labour organization and standards. The two retailers are found to be differentially impacted by those factors, indicating the need to consider a process of institutional hybridization as central to the explanation of transnational retail performance.

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Submitted date: September 2008
Published date: 16 February 2009
Keywords: TNCs
Organisations: Economy Culture & Space

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 66334
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/66334
ISSN: 0308-518X
PURE UUID: 933d3517-d10d-4587-b733-b595c613e25a
ORCID for Neil Wrigley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3967-5668

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Jun 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:25

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Contributors

Author: Cédric Durand
Author: Neil Wrigley ORCID iD

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