The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Combining LiDAR and IKONOS data for eco?hydrological classification of an ombrotrophic peatland

Anderson, K., Bennie, J.J., Milton, E.J., Hughes, P.D.M., Lindsay, R. and Meade, R. (2010) Combining LiDAR and IKONOS data for eco?hydrological classification of an ombrotrophic peatland Journal of Environmental Quality, 39, (1), pp. 260-273. (doi:10.2134/jeq2009.0093). (PMID:20048314).

Record type: Article


This paper presents the results of a study aimed at improving the spatial representation of eco-hydrological communities on ombrotrophic (rain-fed) peatlands. Remote sensing techniques have shown potential for peatland monitoring but most previous work has focussed on spectral approaches. Such methods often result in poor discrimination of cover types and also neglect information on the presence of peatland microtopes (e.g. hummocks and hollows), which show strong links to hydrological condition, biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Spatial information on surface structure is therefore a useful proxy for peatland condition. The paper first demonstrates how airborne LiDAR data can provide such information. Secondly, we apply a combined multispectral-structural approach using IKONOS and airborne LiDAR data to the mapping of peatland condition classes (defined by the lowland raised bog inventory) at Wedholme Flow, Cumbria, UK. LiDAR data were pre-processed so that spatial estimates of minimum and maximum land surface height, variance and semi-variance (from semivariogram analysis) were extracted. These were assimilated into a spectral classification procedure with an IKONOS dataset where thematic outputs from per-pixel maximum likelihood classification were compared. Field ecological survey data were used to validate the results which showed considerable improvements in thematic separation of peatland eco-hydrological classes, when spatially-distributed measurements of LiDAR variance or semivariance at 5 m lag were included. Of key importance was the improved delineation of management classes (Eriophorum bog, active raised bog, Rhynchospora alba communities, and Calluna- and Erica-dominated degraded raised bog). The paper demonstrates how combined textural-optical approaches can offer improvements in land cover mapping products in areas where reliance on purely spectral discrimination approaches would otherwise result in considerable thematic uncertainty.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 30 December 2009
Published date: January 2010
Keywords: raised bog classification, remote sensing, geostatistics


Local EPrints ID: 66353
ISSN: 0047-2425
PURE UUID: c0cb6813-db96-4aec-82af-43111851d63f

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Jun 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:25

Export record



Author: K. Anderson
Author: J.J. Bennie
Author: E.J. Milton
Author: P.D.M. Hughes
Author: R. Lindsay
Author: R. Meade

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.