Thomas, Gareth J., Lewis, Mark P., Hart, Ian R., Marshall, John F. and Speight, Paul M.
?v?6 integrin promotes invasion of squamous carcinoma cells through up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9
International Journal of Cancer, 92, (5), . (doi:10.1002/1097-0215(20010601)92:5<641::AID-IJC1243>3.0.CO;2-P).
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The integrin ?V?6 is a fibronectin receptor, which is not detectable on normal epithelium but is neo-expressed in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC), suggesting a role in promoting malignant behaviour and tumour progression. We used transfection and retroviral infection to create a panel of SCC cell lines expressing various levels of ?V?6 to examine this possibility. We found that increased expression of ?V?6 in malignant keratinocytes up-regulates MMP-9 and MMP-2 expression and promotes invasion in an MMP-9-dependent manner. Our results suggest a possible mechanism for the involvement of ?V?6 in squamous carcinoma in vivo.
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