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Individual differences in self-enhancement and self-protection strategies: an integrative analysis

Record type: Article

Research has identified a large number of strategies that people use to self-enhance or self-protect. We aimed for an empirical integration of these strategies. Two studies used self-report items to assess all commonly recognized self-enhancement or self-protection strategies. In Study 1 (N = 345), exploratory factor analysis identified four reliable factors. In Study 2 (N = 416), this model was validated using confirmatory factor analysis. The factors related differentially to the key personality variables of regulatory focus, self-esteem, and narcissism. Expanding this integrative approach in the future can reveal a great deal about the structure and dynamics of self-enhancement and self-protection motivation.

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Citation

Hepper, Erica G., Gramzow, Richard H. and Sedikides, Constantine (2010) Individual differences in self-enhancement and self-protection strategies: an integrative analysis Journal of Personality, 78, pp. 781-814. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00633.x).

More information

Accepted/In Press date: March 2009
Published date: March 2010
Keywords: self-enhancement, self-protection, regulatory focus, self-esteem, narcissism

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 66744
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/66744
ISSN: 0022-3506
PURE UUID: 9d2cd931-3cf0-49db-951e-4c3d24992f82

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Jul 2009
Last modified: 19 Jul 2017 00:22

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Contributors

Author: Erica G. Hepper
Author: Richard H. Gramzow

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